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Rise of Europe's far right

カメラマン
Michael Kooren
場所
SCHIPHOL, NETHERLANDS

Geert Wilders, leader of the Dutch far-right Freedom Party (PVV), is currently on trial after being charged with discrimination and inciting hatred for remarks at a televised event on March 19, 2014. Wilders had asked supporters whether they wanted more or fewer Moroccans. They chanted: "Fewer! Fewer! Fewer!". A smiling Wilders responded, "We'll take care of that." "I stand alone today, but I am not the only one on trial here. You...more

Geert Wilders, leader of the Dutch far-right Freedom Party (PVV), is currently on trial after being charged with discrimination and inciting hatred for remarks at a televised event on March 19, 2014. Wilders had asked supporters whether they wanted more or fewer Moroccans. They chanted: "Fewer! Fewer! Fewer!". A smiling Wilders responded, "We'll take care of that." "I stand alone today, but I am not the only one on trial here. You will be judging millions of men and women in the Netherlands," Wilders told the court during 30 minutes of politically charged remarks at the end of his discrimination trial. In 2011, he was acquitted of inciting racial hatred charges for calling for the Koran to be banned, comparing the Koran to Adolf Hitler's manifesto "Mein Kampf", and calling for the deportation of "criminal" Moroccans. Judges said that his remarks, while offensive to some, were within the bounds of legitimate political discourse. Many observers felt the trial helped increase his popularity as he was able to showcase himself as a champion of free speech. Wilders' opposition Freedom Party is leading in polls ahead of general elections in March 2017. REUTERS/Michael Kooren/File Photo
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1 / 11
カメラマン
Jean-Paul Pelissier
場所
FREJUS, France

Marine Le Pen leads the French National Front (FN) political party. The party has risen on a platform of anti-immigrant euroscepticism, offering protectionist policies to shelter France from globalization. "We can't just welcome (immigrants) in France - the only solution is that we protect them in their country and for them to continue to live in their country," she said. Le Pen's National Front, founded 40 years ago by her...more

Marine Le Pen leads the French National Front (FN) political party. The party has risen on a platform of anti-immigrant euroscepticism, offering protectionist policies to shelter France from globalization. "We can't just welcome (immigrants) in France - the only solution is that we protect them in their country and for them to continue to live in their country," she said. Le Pen's National Front, founded 40 years ago by her ex-paratrooper father Jean-Marie, is still fuelled by anti-immigrant rhetoric. Among her ideas for protecting welfare are toughening citizenship requirements, shutting borders and forbidding foreigners from access to any social aid. Under the leadership of Marine Le Pen, who took over from her father Jean-Marie in 2011, the FN has switched from an economically liberal, pro-small business party to one that promises to lower the retirement age and guarantee France's generous welfare safety net. Le Pen will go up against former French prime ministers Alain Juppe or Francois Fillon in the presidential election in April 2017. REUTERS/Jean-Paul Pelissier
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2 / 11
カメラマン
Neil Hall
場所
LONDON, United Kingdom

Nigel Farage, former leader of the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) and Member of European Parliament. Farage stirred controversy during the main TV debate of Britain's national election campaign in 2015 by complaining about the number of foreigners seeking treatment for HIV in Britain. Farage lead the campaign for Britain's to leave the European Union, a triumph for him as the abrasive anti-immigration politician who...more

Nigel Farage, former leader of the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) and Member of European Parliament. Farage stirred controversy during the main TV debate of Britain's national election campaign in 2015 by complaining about the number of foreigners seeking treatment for HIV in Britain. Farage lead the campaign for Britain's to leave the European Union, a triumph for him as the abrasive anti-immigration politician who tapped into a deep well of popular anger that rivals failed to understand. President-elect Donald Trump tweeted "Many people would like to see @Nigel_Farage represent Great Britain as their Ambassador to the United States. He would do a great job!" "There is no vacancy," a Downing Street spokesman said when asked about Trump's remark. "We already have an excellent ambassador to the US." REUTERS/Neil Hall
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3 / 11
カメラマン
TT News Agency
場所
STOCKHOLM, Sweden

Jimmie Akesson leads the far-right Sweden Democrats party. In Sweden, a record 163,000 asylum applications in 2015 has deepened concerns about unemployment, rising crime and falling education standards, undermining a consensus around liberal immigration policies and boosting the far right. The Sweden Democrats started a subway advertising campaign in the heart of Stockholm, apologizing to tourists for the "mess" created by...more

Jimmie Akesson leads the far-right Sweden Democrats party. In Sweden, a record 163,000 asylum applications in 2015 has deepened concerns about unemployment, rising crime and falling education standards, undermining a consensus around liberal immigration policies and boosting the far right. The Sweden Democrats started a subway advertising campaign in the heart of Stockholm, apologizing to tourists for the "mess" created by beggars -- referring to migrants. "Our government won't do what's needed. But we will and we're growing at record speed," the banner advert read. REUTERS/Anders Wiklund/TT News Agency
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4 / 11
カメラマン
Heinz-Peter Bader
場所
VIENNA, Austria

Norbert Hofer, Austria's Freedom Party leader and presidential candidate, is neck-and-neck in a presidential election to be held on December 4, 2016. Hofer, a well-dressed and softly spoken 45-year-old engineer, has focused on the refugee crisis, rallying for a ban on what the Freedom Party calls "economic migrants". Hofer has also said he would not swear in a female minister wearing an Islamic headscarf. In a television debate,...more

Norbert Hofer, Austria's Freedom Party leader and presidential candidate, is neck-and-neck in a presidential election to be held on December 4, 2016. Hofer, a well-dressed and softly spoken 45-year-old engineer, has focused on the refugee crisis, rallying for a ban on what the Freedom Party calls "economic migrants". Hofer has also said he would not swear in a female minister wearing an Islamic headscarf. In a television debate, Hofer said that German Chancellor Angela Merkel had caused serious damage to Europe by allowing in refugees and migrants. Some of these were terrorists, he added. Hofer supports the idea of creating what he called "safety areas" outside Europe where asylum requests should be processed. If he wins the election, Hofer would be the first far-right head of state in a European Union country. REUTERS/Heinz-Peter Bader
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5 / 11
カメラマン
Axel Schmidt
場所
BERLIN, Germany

Anti-immigration party Alternative for Germany (AfD) leader Frauke Petry was condemned after she was reported comparing societies including migrants to compost heaps. "What should we make of the campaign 'Germany is Colorful'? A compost heap is colorful, too," Petry made the comments in a speech in Stuttgart according to the online edition of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Known for her fiery speeches to AfD supporters, Petry...more

Anti-immigration party Alternative for Germany (AfD) leader Frauke Petry was condemned after she was reported comparing societies including migrants to compost heaps. "What should we make of the campaign 'Germany is Colorful'? A compost heap is colorful, too," Petry made the comments in a speech in Stuttgart according to the online edition of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Known for her fiery speeches to AfD supporters, Petry sparked an uproar earlier this year when she called for German police to be allowed to use firearms against illegal migrants. Formed in 2013 in opposition to euro zone bailouts, the AfD has morphed into an anti-immigration party over the past year, as Petry kicked out its founder and seized on a record influx of migrants to lure new voters and steal disaffected members of Merkel's conservatives. While populist, anti-immigrant parties have thrived for years in other European countries, Germany has been an exception, in part because opposition to far-right ideologies runs deep because of the country's Nazi past. The refugee crisis has changed all that. More than a million migrants entered Germany in 2015, unsettling many Germans and turning the AfD into a force on the national stage almost overnight. The AfD is now represented in 10 of Germany's 16 states. REUTERS/Axel Schmidt
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6 / 11
カメラマン
Alessandro Garofalo
場所
MILAN, ITALY

Matteo Salvini, leader of Italy's anti-immigrant Northern League party, has overseen a resurgence of his party since taking over as leader a little over two years ago, focusing on attacking immigration and the euro in a drive to broaden its appeal beyond its base in northern Italy. "Europe is what's allowing our truckdrivers to be squeezed out by Romanian contracts, Romanian wages and pensions that can be used to come and work in...more

Matteo Salvini, leader of Italy's anti-immigrant Northern League party, has overseen a resurgence of his party since taking over as leader a little over two years ago, focusing on attacking immigration and the euro in a drive to broaden its appeal beyond its base in northern Italy. "Europe is what's allowing our truckdrivers to be squeezed out by Romanian contracts, Romanian wages and pensions that can be used to come and work in Italy because that's what Europe wants - a race to the bottom." Salvini advocates measures to protect domestic goods and against illegal immigrants. Center-right parties are campaigning for a 'no' vote in a December 4 referendum on Prime Minister Matteo Renzi's constitutional reform drive, which would drastically reduce the role of the Senate (upper house of parliament) and take powers back from regional governments. REUTERS/Alessandro Garofalo
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7 / 11
カメラマン
Bernadett Szabo
場所
BUDAPEST, Hungary

Gabor Vona, chairman of Hungary's far-right Jobbik Party, has consistently advocated a total ban on immigration. The Jobbik Party built its meteoric rise partly on accusations that Jews were conducting "massive real-estate purchases" throughout Hungary and entering into an alliance with the Roma to turn "pure" Hungarians into a minority in their own nation. Party leaders in 2012 demanded that the government draw up lists of Jews...more

Gabor Vona, chairman of Hungary's far-right Jobbik Party, has consistently advocated a total ban on immigration. The Jobbik Party built its meteoric rise partly on accusations that Jews were conducting "massive real-estate purchases" throughout Hungary and entering into an alliance with the Roma to turn "pure" Hungarians into a minority in their own nation. Party leaders in 2012 demanded that the government draw up lists of Jews who supposedly posed "a national security risk" and round up Roma families in "public order protection camps." As Jobbik deputy chairman Levente Muranyi told the press, he was proud to be a "Nazi, a fascist, an anti-Semite if that is what is necessary to represent the true Hungarian interests and the sanctity of the thousand-year-old Hungarian state." The latest poll by research centre Tarki showed Jobbik's support at 10 percent in October, down from 14 percent in July. The next election is due in 2018. REUTERS/Bernadett Szabo
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8 / 11
カメラマン
Laszlo Balogh
場所
BUDAPEST, Hungary

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, a billionaire investor turned leader of the conservative Fidesz party, responded to the influx of migrants in 2015 by sealing Hungary's southern borders with a razor-wire fence and thousands of army and police. He says Hungary, with its Christian roots, does not want to take in Muslims in large numbers, and that they pose a security risk. Orban told parliament "our borders are under threat,...more

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, a billionaire investor turned leader of the conservative Fidesz party, responded to the influx of migrants in 2015 by sealing Hungary's southern borders with a razor-wire fence and thousands of army and police. He says Hungary, with its Christian roots, does not want to take in Muslims in large numbers, and that they pose a security risk. Orban told parliament "our borders are under threat, our life based on a respect for laws...and the whole of Europe. We are being run over." Orban, in power since 2010, has cast the migrant debate as a question of national sovereignty that boils down to "whether a foreign population can be imposed on the people of an EU member state against its will". Hungary held a referendum in October in which more than 3 million Hungarians, an overwhelming majority of those who voted, rejected EU quotas stipulating how many migrants member states must accept. He has linked migrants to terrorism, telling Hungarians before the referendum: "The more migrants there are, the greater the risk of terror." REUTERS/Laszlo Balogh
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9 / 11
カメラマン
Alessandro Garofalo
場所
MILAN, ITALY

Tom Van Grieken is leader of the Belgian anti-immigrant and separatist party Vlaams Belang (Flemish Interest). Formed in 2004 as the successor party to Vlaams Blok, which disbanded after being declared racist by a court, Vlaams Belang has representatives in local, regional, federal legislatures and the European Parliament, but has never been in government at any level because of the shared policy of mainstream parties to exclude...more

Tom Van Grieken is leader of the Belgian anti-immigrant and separatist party Vlaams Belang (Flemish Interest). Formed in 2004 as the successor party to Vlaams Blok, which disbanded after being declared racist by a court, Vlaams Belang has representatives in local, regional, federal legislatures and the European Parliament, but has never been in government at any level because of the shared policy of mainstream parties to exclude it. The party is fiercely in favor of an independent Flanders, split off from Belgium, is anti-Muslim and seeks zero tolerance on crime. In 2012, it offered a 250-euro bounty to anyone who reported a fully veiled woman to police . Women in Belgium risk a fine if they wear a full face veil in public. REUTERS/Alessandro Garofalo
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10 / 11
カメラマン
Michalis Karagiannis
場所
ATHENS, Greece

Nikolaos Mihaloliakos is leader of the Greek far-right Golden Dawn party. Golden Dawn has kept a low profile since a government crackdown stemming from attacks on dark-skinned immigrants and leftists, which put top party leaders in jail during the trial, which is ongoing. Mihaloliakos and a dozen top figures were arrested in 2013, weeks after the stabbing of anti-racism rapper Pavlos Fissas by a party supporter, in the biggest...more

Nikolaos Mihaloliakos is leader of the Greek far-right Golden Dawn party. Golden Dawn has kept a low profile since a government crackdown stemming from attacks on dark-skinned immigrants and leftists, which put top party leaders in jail during the trial, which is ongoing. Mihaloliakos and a dozen top figures were arrested in 2013, weeks after the stabbing of anti-racism rapper Pavlos Fissas by a party supporter, in the biggest mass roundup of elected politicians in Greece since the colonels' coup in 1964. The stabbing had prompted a broad investigation of the party, during which police found unlicensed weapons, Nazi flags and portraits of Hitler in the homes of arrested party members. In its manifesto, Golden Dawn says all "illegal immigrants" should be rounded up, detained and sent home. The party, whose members have been seen giving Nazi-style salutes, also wants tax breaks to boost Greece's low birth rate to "avoid us becoming a minority in our own country." The party was first propelled from obscurity into parliament in 2012 over anger at unemployment, austerity, corrupt politicians and immigrants. They are most popular among 18- to 24-year-olds, angered by the government's decision to reverse course and accept tough bailout terms from international creditors. Golden Dawn, whose emblem resembles a swastika and whose members have been seen giving Nazi-style salutes, rejects the neo-Nazi label. REUTERS/Michalis Karagiannis
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