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写真 | 2023年 01月 19日 04:52 JST

High power prices drive some patients in Spain into poverty

Jose Maria Casais, 69, who is suffering from flu, uses an oxygen nebuliser as he sits on a wheelchair inside his house, in Barcelona, Spain, December 22, 2022. Casais, a retired engineer, says he is being forced to raid his savings every month after his energy bills soared because of his reliance on the oxygen machine to alleviate his chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). For the past two years, Casais has been plugged into the oxygen concentrator for up to 24 hours a day. His electricity bill has almost tripled since Russia invaded Ukraine in February, he says, triggering an energy crisis in Europe because of its dependence on Russian gas. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais, 69, who is suffering from flu, uses an oxygen nebuliser as he sits on a wheelchair inside hmore

Jose Maria Casais, 69, who is suffering from flu, uses an oxygen nebuliser as he sits on a wheelchair inside his house, in Barcelona, Spain, December 22, 2022. Casais, a retired engineer, says he is being forced to raid his savings every month after his energy bills soared because of his reliance on the oxygen machine to alleviate his chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). For the past two years, Casais has been plugged into the oxygen concentrator for up to 24 hours a day. His electricity bill has almost tripled since Russia invaded Ukraine in February, he says, triggering an energy crisis in Europe because of its dependence on Russian gas. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais takes medication while suffering from flu as he uses a portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine connected to electricity to breathe, in Barcelona, Spain, December 11, 2022. Casais has chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, that causes airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. "If the weather suddenly changes from good to a rainy day you feel terrible," he said. "The cold affects your breathing." REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais takes medication while suffering from flu as he uses a portable oxygen concentrator respiratmore

Jose Maria Casais takes medication while suffering from flu as he uses a portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine connected to electricity to breathe, in Barcelona, Spain, December 11, 2022. Casais has chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, that causes airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. "If the weather suddenly changes from good to a rainy day you feel terrible," he said. "The cold affects your breathing." REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais sits in a wheelchair inside his house, next to his portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine, in Barcelona, Spain, December 9, 2022. Casais is part of a middle class in Spain being dragged into poverty by the energy crisis. Nearly 4% of Spanish households in the fourth income decile — a segment typically viewed as middle class — have spent more than half of their income on energy since the rise in prices last year, an Oxfam survey found. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais sits in a wheelchair inside his house, next to his portable oxygen concentrator respiratory more

Jose Maria Casais sits in a wheelchair inside his house, next to his portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine, in Barcelona, Spain, December 9, 2022. Casais is part of a middle class in Spain being dragged into poverty by the energy crisis. Nearly 4% of Spanish households in the fourth income decile — a segment typically viewed as middle class — have spent more than half of their income on energy since the rise in prices last year, an Oxfam survey found. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais sits on his bed before sleeping, as he uses a nasal cannula connected to a portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine to breathe, in Barcelona, Spain, December 11, 2022. Casais spends between 300 euros and 400 euros a month on energy, leaving little or nothing for other essentials after his other medical expenses, which include a live-in carer. "It limits everything else; leaves no option for other things," Casais, a former engineer at the state-run rail company Renfe, told Reuters in his Barcelona apartment. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais sits on his bed before sleeping, as he uses a nasal cannula connected to a portable oxygen cmore

Jose Maria Casais sits on his bed before sleeping, as he uses a nasal cannula connected to a portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine to breathe, in Barcelona, Spain, December 11, 2022. Casais spends between 300 euros and 400 euros a month on energy, leaving little or nothing for other essentials after his other medical expenses, which include a live-in carer. "It limits everything else; leaves no option for other things," Casais, a former engineer at the state-run rail company Renfe, told Reuters in his Barcelona apartment. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais reacts as he reads messages of concern over his wellbeing in a WhatsApp group of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, after he hadn't been online for a few days while suffering from a bad case of flu, inside his house in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais reacts as he reads messages of concern over his wellbeing in a WhatsApp group of chronic obsmore

Jose Maria Casais reacts as he reads messages of concern over his wellbeing in a WhatsApp group of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, after he hadn't been online for a few days while suffering from a bad case of flu, inside his house in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Alvaro, 40, a caregiver, pushes the wheelchair of his client Jose Maria Casais, who is using a portable oxygen concentrator backpack with a battery to breathe, as they cross the road in Barcelona, Spain, December 9, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Alvaro, 40, a caregiver, pushes the wheelchair of his client Jose Maria Casais, who is using a portable oxygenmore

Alvaro, 40, a caregiver, pushes the wheelchair of his client Jose Maria Casais, who is using a portable oxygen concentrator backpack with a battery to breathe, as they cross the road in Barcelona, Spain, December 9, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Alvaro, a caregiver, pushes his client Jose Maria Casais in a wheelchair as they buy food at a supermarket, in Barcelona, Spain, December 8, 2022. Casais has already altered his diet to cut costs. He now lives on one-euro packets of processed meats and tins of tuna. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Alvaro, a caregiver, pushes his client Jose Maria Casais in a wheelchair as they buy food at a supermarket, inmore

Alvaro, a caregiver, pushes his client Jose Maria Casais in a wheelchair as they buy food at a supermarket, in Barcelona, Spain, December 8, 2022. Casais has already altered his diet to cut costs. He now lives on one-euro packets of processed meats and tins of tuna. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais breathes using a portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine as he watches a TV news program about the cost of electricity in Europe while sitting in a wheelchair in his house, in Barcelona, Spain, December 9, 2022. Many electricity-dependent Spaniards are facing some stark choices, said Nicole Hass, a spokesperson for APEPOC: "With this rise in electricity prices they have to decide between eating and breathing." REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais breathes using a portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine as he watches a TV news prmore

Jose Maria Casais breathes using a portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine as he watches a TV news program about the cost of electricity in Europe while sitting in a wheelchair in his house, in Barcelona, Spain, December 9, 2022. Many electricity-dependent Spaniards are facing some stark choices, said Nicole Hass, a spokesperson for APEPOC: "With this rise in electricity prices they have to decide between eating and breathing." REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais uses a device to turn the heating up during a bout of flu, as he sits in a wheelchair in his house in Barcelona, Spain, December 8, 2022. Pulmonary disease sufferers must carefully regulate their homes' ambient temperature, which means relying on air conditioning in Spain's searing summers and central heating in its brisk winters. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais uses a device to turn the heating up during a bout of flu, as he sits in a wheelchair in hismore

Jose Maria Casais uses a device to turn the heating up during a bout of flu, as he sits in a wheelchair in his house in Barcelona, Spain, December 8, 2022. Pulmonary disease sufferers must carefully regulate their homes' ambient temperature, which means relying on air conditioning in Spain's searing summers and central heating in its brisk winters. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Alvaro, a caregiver, helps his client Jose Maria Casais get into his bed, in Barcelona, Spain, December 21, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Alvaro, a caregiver, helps his client Jose Maria Casais get into his bed, in Barcelona, Spain, December 21, 20more

Alvaro, a caregiver, helps his client Jose Maria Casais get into his bed, in Barcelona, Spain, December 21, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Alvaro, a caregiver, uses eyedrops for his client Jose Maria Casais as Casais uses a portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine connected to electricity to breathe, in Casais's bedroom in Barcelona, Spain, December 11, 2022. Without his oxygen machine, Casais said he would have to be permanently hooked up to a machine in a hospital, losing his independence and costing the state more. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Alvaro, a caregiver, uses eyedrops for his client Jose Maria Casais as Casais uses a portable oxygen concentramore

Alvaro, a caregiver, uses eyedrops for his client Jose Maria Casais as Casais uses a portable oxygen concentrator respiratory machine connected to electricity to breathe, in Casais's bedroom in Barcelona, Spain, December 11, 2022. Without his oxygen machine, Casais said he would have to be permanently hooked up to a machine in a hospital, losing his independence and costing the state more. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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An imprint of a nasal cannula is seen on the face of Jose Maria Casais while he is helped by his carer Alvaro to dress in his house in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. An estimated five million people in Spain suffer from COPD, said Dr. Sergi Pascual, pulmonology unit coordinator at the Hospital del Mar in Barcelona. It's the third largest cause of death worldwide and the fourth in Spain, the Spanish Association for Patients with COPD (APEPOC) says. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

An imprint of a nasal cannula is seen on the face of Jose Maria Casais while he is helped by his carer Alvaro more

An imprint of a nasal cannula is seen on the face of Jose Maria Casais while he is helped by his carer Alvaro to dress in his house in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. An estimated five million people in Spain suffer from COPD, said Dr. Sergi Pascual, pulmonology unit coordinator at the Hospital del Mar in Barcelona. It's the third largest cause of death worldwide and the fourth in Spain, the Spanish Association for Patients with COPD (APEPOC) says. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Herbert, 32, a caregiver, shaves his client Jose Maria Casais in front of a picture of Casais's parents on the wall, inside his house in Barcelona, Spain, January 4, 2023. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Herbert, 32, a caregiver, shaves his client Jose Maria Casais in front of a picture of Casais's parents on themore

Herbert, 32, a caregiver, shaves his client Jose Maria Casais in front of a picture of Casais's parents on the wall, inside his house in Barcelona, Spain, January 4, 2023. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Alvaro, a caregiver, talks with doctors over the phone about his client Jose Maria Casais, in Casais's house in Barcelona, Spain, December 22, 2022. The Spanish Association for Patients with COPD (APEPOC) wants Spain's local governments to subsidise energy bills for all COPD sufferers, regardless of their income. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Alvaro, a caregiver, talks with doctors over the phone about his client Jose Maria Casais, in Casais's house imore

Alvaro, a caregiver, talks with doctors over the phone about his client Jose Maria Casais, in Casais's house in Barcelona, Spain, December 22, 2022. The Spanish Association for Patients with COPD (APEPOC) wants Spain's local governments to subsidise energy bills for all COPD sufferers, regardless of their income. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais looks at a photo of himself (standing on the right) with friends at a party in Barcelona's Gracia neighbourhood taken ahead of his compulsory military service in his late teens, in Barcelona, Spain, December 13, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais looks at a photo of himself (standing on the right) with friends at a party in Barcelona's Gmore

Jose Maria Casais looks at a photo of himself (standing on the right) with friends at a party in Barcelona's Gracia neighbourhood taken ahead of his compulsory military service in his late teens, in Barcelona, Spain, December 13, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Alvaro, a caregiver, and his client Jose Maria Casais talk while cooking in the kitchen, in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. Whereas before the energy crisis nearly half of households in Spain had the capacity to save, Oxfam estimates that now only three in 10 households can do so. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Alvaro, a caregiver, and his client Jose Maria Casais talk while cooking in the kitchen, in Barcelona, Spain, more

Alvaro, a caregiver, and his client Jose Maria Casais talk while cooking in the kitchen, in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. Whereas before the energy crisis nearly half of households in Spain had the capacity to save, Oxfam estimates that now only three in 10 households can do so. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Antonela, 11, the niece of Jose Maria Casais's caregiver Alvaro, wishes a merry Christmas to Casais, while Casais sits in a wheelchair in his house in Barcelona, Spain, December 22, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Antonela, 11, the niece of Jose Maria Casais's caregiver Alvaro, wishes a merry Christmas to Casais, while Casmore

Antonela, 11, the niece of Jose Maria Casais's caregiver Alvaro, wishes a merry Christmas to Casais, while Casais sits in a wheelchair in his house in Barcelona, Spain, December 22, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais talks with the Spanish Association for Patients with COPD (APEPOC) spokesperson Nicole Hass over a video call, as he sits in a wheelchair in his house in Barcelona, Spain, January 5, 2023. Spain's national health service covers the cost of oxygen but not of electricity, Hass said. "What use is the oxygen if we don't have the electricity to plug in the machine?" REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais talks with the Spanish Association for Patients with COPD (APEPOC) spokesperson Nicole Hass more

Jose Maria Casais talks with the Spanish Association for Patients with COPD (APEPOC) spokesperson Nicole Hass over a video call, as he sits in a wheelchair in his house in Barcelona, Spain, January 5, 2023. Spain's national health service covers the cost of oxygen but not of electricity, Hass said. "What use is the oxygen if we don't have the electricity to plug in the machine?" REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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A medical oxygen cylinder, for usage in case of a power outage, stands next to the wardrobe of Jose Maria Casais, in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022.  REUTERS/Nacho Doce

A medical oxygen cylinder, for usage in case of a power outage, stands next to the wardrobe of Jose Maria Casamore

A medical oxygen cylinder, for usage in case of a power outage, stands next to the wardrobe of Jose Maria Casais, in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais rests in his bed before trying to sleep, in Barcelona, Spain, December 12, 2022. "They should give a direct discount on electricity bills to everyone who is electricity-dependent regardless of their income or where they live," he said. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais rests in his bed before trying to sleep, in Barcelona, Spain, December 12, 2022. "They shoulmore

Jose Maria Casais rests in his bed before trying to sleep, in Barcelona, Spain, December 12, 2022. "They should give a direct discount on electricity bills to everyone who is electricity-dependent regardless of their income or where they live," he said. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais uses an oxygen nebuliser in his bedroom in Barcelona, Spain, December 11, 2022. COPD is "a chronic, irreversible disease," said Dr. Sergi Pascual, pulmonology unit coordinator at the Hospital del Mar, "so these patients' objective is to live a useful and full life and they therefore need the necessary funds". REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais uses an oxygen nebuliser in his bedroom in Barcelona, Spain, December 11, 2022. COPD is "a cmore

Jose Maria Casais uses an oxygen nebuliser in his bedroom in Barcelona, Spain, December 11, 2022. COPD is "a chronic, irreversible disease," said Dr. Sergi Pascual, pulmonology unit coordinator at the Hospital del Mar, "so these patients' objective is to live a useful and full life and they therefore need the necessary funds". REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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A photograph of Jose Maria Casais, then aged 35, alongside photographs of his mother, Teresa Naveira Varela, and brother, Emilio, are displayed in his living room, in Barcelona, Spain, December 9, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

A photograph of Jose Maria Casais, then aged 35, alongside photographs of his mother, Teresa Naveira Varela, amore

A photograph of Jose Maria Casais, then aged 35, alongside photographs of his mother, Teresa Naveira Varela, and brother, Emilio, are displayed in his living room, in Barcelona, Spain, December 9, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Alvaro, a caregiver, helps to dress his client Jose Maria Casais, in Casais's house in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Alvaro, a caregiver, helps to dress his client Jose Maria Casais, in Casais's house in Barcelona, Spain, Decemmore

Alvaro, a caregiver, helps to dress his client Jose Maria Casais, in Casais's house in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais uses a portable oxygen concentrator backpack with a battery to breathe, as he and his caregiver Alvaro travel by bus to his house in Barcelona, Spain, January 5, 2023. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais uses a portable oxygen concentrator backpack with a battery to breathe, as he and his caregimore

Jose Maria Casais uses a portable oxygen concentrator backpack with a battery to breathe, as he and his caregiver Alvaro travel by bus to his house in Barcelona, Spain, January 5, 2023. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Alvaro, a caregiver, pushes the wheelchair of his client Jose Maria Casais as he gives a sandwich to Enrique, who is homeless, on a street near Casais's house in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Alvaro, a caregiver, pushes the wheelchair of his client Jose Maria Casais as he gives a sandwich to Enrique, more

Alvaro, a caregiver, pushes the wheelchair of his client Jose Maria Casais as he gives a sandwich to Enrique, who is homeless, on a street near Casais's house in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais talks with bar worker Gloria while having coffee, in a bar in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais talks with bar worker Gloria while having coffee, in a bar in Barcelona, Spain, December 14,more

Jose Maria Casais talks with bar worker Gloria while having coffee, in a bar in Barcelona, Spain, December 14, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais uses a portable oxygen concentrator backpack with a battery to breathe, while sitting in a wheelchair in a park next to his house in Barcelona, Spain, December 9, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais uses a portable oxygen concentrator backpack with a battery to breathe, while sitting in a wmore

Jose Maria Casais uses a portable oxygen concentrator backpack with a battery to breathe, while sitting in a wheelchair in a park next to his house in Barcelona, Spain, December 9, 2022. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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Jose Maria Casais sits at Barceloneta beach, in Barcelona, Spain, January 5, 2023. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais sits at Barceloneta beach, in Barcelona, Spain, January 5, 2023. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

Jose Maria Casais sits at Barceloneta beach, in Barcelona, Spain, January 5, 2023. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
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