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写真 | 2021年 05月 29日 06:29 JST

In pictures: The 1921 Tulsa race massacre

Smoke rises from buildings during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa, Oklahoma. A century ago, a white mob looted and burned the Greenwood district of Tulsa, leaving at least 300 Black residents dead and thousands more homeless.   


Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress

Smoke rises from buildings during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa, Oklahoma. A century ago, a white mob lootedmore

Smoke rises from buildings during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa, Oklahoma. A century ago, a white mob looted and burned the Greenwood district of Tulsa, leaving at least 300 Black residents dead and thousands more homeless. Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress
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A truck carries soldiers and Black residents near the Litan Hotel during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa.  
 Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress

A truck carries soldiers and Black residents near the Litan Hotel during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Amore

A truck carries soldiers and Black residents near the Litan Hotel during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress
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The Woods building in the Greenwood neighborhood is seen after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Greenwood, dubbed "Black Wall Street," boasted hotels, law offices, doctors' offices and other businesses owned and operated by Black people at the time of the massacre.   
American National Red Cross/Library of Congress

The Woods building in the Greenwood neighborhood is seen after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Greenwood, dubmore

The Woods building in the Greenwood neighborhood is seen after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Greenwood, dubbed "Black Wall Street," boasted hotels, law offices, doctors' offices and other businesses owned and operated by Black people at the time of the massacre. American National Red Cross/Library of Congress
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National Guardsmen with a machine gun mounted on the back of a flat-bed truck on the streets of Tulsa during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa.   Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture/via REUTERS

National Guardsmen with a machine gun mounted on the back of a flat-bed truck on the streets of Tulsa during tmore

National Guardsmen with a machine gun mounted on the back of a flat-bed truck on the streets of Tulsa during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture/via REUTERS
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A view of the Greenwood neighborhood after a mob passed during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. White rioters tore through Greenwood, destroying 23 churches, more than 2,000 Black-owned businesses and 36 square blocks, according to the Greenwood Cultural Center. 



   American National Red Cross/Library of Congress

A view of the Greenwood neighborhood after a mob passed during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. White rioters more

A view of the Greenwood neighborhood after a mob passed during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. White rioters tore through Greenwood, destroying 23 churches, more than 2,000 Black-owned businesses and 36 square blocks, according to the Greenwood Cultural Center. American National Red Cross/Library of Congress
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The Greenwood neighborhood is seen in ruins after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. No one was ever charged for the violence.  


American National Red Cross/Library of Congress

The Greenwood neighborhood is seen in ruins after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. No one was ever charged formore

The Greenwood neighborhood is seen in ruins after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. No one was ever charged for the violence. American National Red Cross/Library of Congress
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Debris, furnitures and homes razed to the foundations after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Over six hours, carloads of white residents conducted "drive-by" shootings in Greenwood. Whites also looted and burned homes and businesses and dragged Blacks from their beds and beat them, according to historical accounts.   


Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress

Debris, furnitures and homes razed to the foundations after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Over six hours, cmore

Debris, furnitures and homes razed to the foundations after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Over six hours, carloads of white residents conducted "drive-by" shootings in Greenwood. Whites also looted and burned homes and businesses and dragged Blacks from their beds and beat them, according to historical accounts. Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress
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A truck carries Black residents during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa.   Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress

A truck carries Black residents during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/more

A truck carries Black residents during the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress
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Furniture on the street after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Tulsa never paid restitution to the victims and insurance companies refused to pay out, citing riot clauses in contracts.   
 Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress

Furniture on the street after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Tulsa never paid restitution to the victims andmore

Furniture on the street after the 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Tulsa never paid restitution to the victims and insurance companies refused to pay out, citing riot clauses in contracts. Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress
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A view of the Williams Building, west side of 100 block, in the Greenwood neighborhood after the 1921 race massacre. At the time of the massacre, Greenwood was one of the largest and wealthiest Black communities in the United States.   American National Red Cross/Library of Congress

A view of the Williams Building, west side of 100 block, in the Greenwood neighborhood after the 1921 race masmore

A view of the Williams Building, west side of 100 block, in the Greenwood neighborhood after the 1921 race massacre. At the time of the massacre, Greenwood was one of the largest and wealthiest Black communities in the United States. American National Red Cross/Library of Congress
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An entrance to a refugee camp on the Tulsa fair grounds after the 1921 race massacre. About 300 people died and more than 6,000 survivors and Black Tulsa residents were sent to internment camps and held, according to a Human Rights Watch report in May that called for reparations.  

American National Red Cross/Library of  Congress

An entrance to a refugee camp on the Tulsa fair grounds after the 1921 race massacre. About 300 people died anmore

An entrance to a refugee camp on the Tulsa fair grounds after the 1921 race massacre. About 300 people died and more than 6,000 survivors and Black Tulsa residents were sent to internment camps and held, according to a Human Rights Watch report in May that called for reparations. American National Red Cross/Library of Congress
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Ruins of houses in the Greenwood neighborhood. The movement calling for reparations is growing beyond Tulsa. H.R. 40 has been introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives and calls for the issue to be studied. It has been floated in Congress for more than 30 years, but never taken up for a full vote.  
Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress

Ruins of houses in the Greenwood neighborhood. The movement calling for reparations is growing beyond Tulsa. Hmore

Ruins of houses in the Greenwood neighborhood. The movement calling for reparations is growing beyond Tulsa. H.R. 40 has been introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives and calls for the issue to be studied. It has been floated in Congress for more than 30 years, but never taken up for a full vote. Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress
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Smoke rises from the ruins of homes following the race 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Today, the sidewalk of the main boulevard, Greenwood Avenue, is studded with plaques identifying buildings as: "Destroyed 1921, rebuilt."    


Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress

Smoke rises from the ruins of homes following the race 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Today, the sidewalk of themore

Smoke rises from the ruins of homes following the race 1921 race massacre in Tulsa. Today, the sidewalk of the main boulevard, Greenwood Avenue, is studded with plaques identifying buildings as: "Destroyed 1921, rebuilt." Alvin C. Krupnick Co./NAACP Records/Library of Congress
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