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写真 | 2021年 06月 25日 02:33 JST

Inside Canada's residential school system

Boys pray on bunk beds in a dormitory at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, Canada in 1950. Between 1831 and 1996, Canada's residential school system forcibly separated about 150,000 children from their homes. Many were subjected to abuse, rape and malnutrition in what Canada's Truth and Reconciliation Commission in 2015 called "cultural genocide".    Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Boys pray on bunk beds in a dormitory at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigemore

Boys pray on bunk beds in a dormitory at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, Canada in 1950. Between 1831 and 1996, Canada's residential school system forcibly separated about 150,000 children from their homes. Many were subjected to abuse, rape and malnutrition in what Canada's Truth and Reconciliation Commission in 2015 called "cultural genocide". Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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A nurse checks a girl's throat while other children wait in line, at the Frobish Bay Federal Hostel in Iqaluit, Nunavut in 1959.   H. Leclair/Library and Archives Canada

A nurse checks a girl's throat while other children wait in line, at the Frobish Bay Federal Hostel in Iqaluitmore

A nurse checks a girl's throat while other children wait in line, at the Frobish Bay Federal Hostel in Iqaluit, Nunavut in 1959. H. Leclair/Library and Archives Canada
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Girls sit on beds in a dormitory at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste Marie, Ontario in 1960.   Department of Citizenship and Immigration-Information Division/Library and Archives Canada

Girls sit on beds in a dormitory at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste Marie, Ontario in 196more

Girls sit on beds in a dormitory at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste Marie, Ontario in 1960. Department of Citizenship and Immigration-Information Division/Library and Archives Canada
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A group of female students and a nun pose in a classroom at Cross Lake Indian Residential School in Cross Lake, Manitoba in February 1940.  
 Dept. Indian and Northern Affairs/Library and Archives Canada

A group of female students and a nun pose in a classroom at Cross Lake Indian Residential School in Cross Lakemore

A group of female students and a nun pose in a classroom at Cross Lake Indian Residential School in Cross Lake, Manitoba in February 1940. Dept. Indian and Northern Affairs/Library and Archives Canada
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Girls attend a first communion ceremony at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario, Canada in 1955.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/Hvia REUTERS

Girls attend a first communion ceremony at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario, Canada imore

Girls attend a first communion ceremony at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario, Canada in 1955. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/Hvia REUTERS
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Boys play table hockey at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1960s.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Boys play table hockey at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1960s. more

Boys play table hockey at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1960s. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Girls pose during a pageant at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario in 1954.  
 Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Girls pose during a pageant at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario in 1954. Shingwaukmore

Girls pose during a pageant at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario in 1954. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Students sit in a classroom at All Saints Residential School in Lac la Ronge, Saskatchewan, Canada circa 1950.    Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Students sit in a classroom at All Saints Residential School in Lac la Ronge, Saskatchewan, Canada circa 1950.more

Students sit in a classroom at All Saints Residential School in Lac la Ronge, Saskatchewan, Canada circa 1950. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Boys play the Crokinole board game at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1947. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Boys play the Crokinole board game at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, cimore

Boys play the Crokinole board game at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1947. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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A teacher reads to students at a residential school in Aklavik, Northwest Territories, circa 1950.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

A teacher reads to students at a residential school in Aklavik, Northwest Territories, circa 1950. Shingwaukmore

A teacher reads to students at a residential school in Aklavik, Northwest Territories, circa 1950. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Children attending the Shingwauk Indian Residential School eat supper during outdoor activities in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1947.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Children attending the Shingwauk Indian Residential School eat supper during outdoor activities in Sault Ste. more

Children attending the Shingwauk Indian Residential School eat supper during outdoor activities in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1947. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Students sit in a classroom at St Joseph's Convent, otherwise known as the Fort Resolution Indian Residential School in Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories.  
 Library and Archives Canada/via Reuters

Students sit in a classroom at St Joseph's Convent, otherwise known as the Fort Resolution Indian Residential more

Students sit in a classroom at St Joseph's Convent, otherwise known as the Fort Resolution Indian Residential School in Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories. Library and Archives Canada/via Reuters
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Students in costumes attend a pageant at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario in 1954.    Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Students in costumes attend a pageant at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario in 1954. more

Students in costumes attend a pageant at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario in 1954. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Sisters from the Soeurs du Sacre-Coeur d'Ottawa pose with students at the Pukatawagan Residential School, in Pukatawagan, Manitoba in 1960.    
 Sister Liliane/Library and Archives Canada

Sisters from the Soeurs du Sacre-Coeur d'Ottawa pose with students at the Pukatawagan Residential School, in Pmore

Sisters from the Soeurs du Sacre-Coeur d'Ottawa pose with students at the Pukatawagan Residential School, in Pukatawagan, Manitoba in 1960. Sister Liliane/Library and Archives Canada
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Boys receive haircuts at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada circa 1960s. Run by the government and church groups, most of them Catholic, the schools' stated aim was to assimilate indigenous children.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Boys receive haircuts at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada circa 19more

Boys receive haircuts at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada circa 1960s. Run by the government and church groups, most of them Catholic, the schools' stated aim was to assimilate indigenous children. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Students pose in front of the Chooutla Indian Residential School, a residential school in the Carcross/Tagish First Nation community of Carcross, Yukon Territories, Canada, 1921.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Students pose in front of the Chooutla Indian Residential School, a residential school in the Carcross/Tagish more

Students pose in front of the Chooutla Indian Residential School, a residential school in the Carcross/Tagish First Nation community of Carcross, Yukon Territories, Canada, 1921. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Students attending the Shingwauk Indian Residential School use handmade bows in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario in 1960.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Students attending the Shingwauk Indian Residential School use handmade bows in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario in 1more

Students attending the Shingwauk Indian Residential School use handmade bows in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario in 1960. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Children hold letters that spell "Goodbye" at Fort Simpson Indian Residential School, in Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories in 1922.   
J.F. Moran/Library and Archives Canada

Children hold letters that spell "Goodbye" at Fort Simpson Indian Residential School, in Fort Simpson, Northwemore

Children hold letters that spell "Goodbye" at Fort Simpson Indian Residential School, in Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories in 1922. J.F. Moran/Library and Archives Canada
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Shinwauk Guides form a circle during the visit of the commissioner to the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1951.  
 Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Shinwauk Guides form a circle during the visit of the commissioner to the Shingwauk Indian Residential School more

Shinwauk Guides form a circle during the visit of the commissioner to the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1951. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Students taking part in a first communion ceremony pose at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario, circa 1960s.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Students taking part in a first communion ceremony pose at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Omore

Students taking part in a first communion ceremony pose at the Spanish Indian Residential School in Spanish, Ontario, circa 1960s. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Boys pose on a field at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1960s. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Boys pose on a field at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1960s. Shimore

Boys pose on a field at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1960s. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Senior girl students pose outside the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1960s.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Senior girl students pose outside the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa more

Senior girl students pose outside the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1960s. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Senior girl students sit on swings behind the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario in 1960.    Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Senior girl students sit on swings behind the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontariomore

Senior girl students sit on swings behind the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario in 1960. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Boys stack wood at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, circa 1930s.  
 Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Boys stack wood at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community ofmore

Boys stack wood at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, circa 1930s. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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A group of children arrive from Rupert House/Waskaganish at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, circa 1940s.  
 Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

A group of children arrive from Rupert House/Waskaganish at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential smore

A group of children arrive from Rupert House/Waskaganish at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, circa 1940s. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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The Kuper Island Indian Residential School on Penelakut Island, British Columbia, circa 1941.   
Canada. Dept. of Indian and Northern Affairs/Library and Archives Canada

The Kuper Island Indian Residential School on Penelakut Island, British Columbia, circa 1941. Canada. Dept.more

The Kuper Island Indian Residential School on Penelakut Island, British Columbia, circa 1941. Canada. Dept. of Indian and Northern Affairs/Library and Archives Canada
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Students pose at All Saints Indian Residential School in Aklavik, Northwest Territories, circa 1940.  Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/Hvia REUTERS

Students pose at All Saints Indian Residential School in Aklavik, Northwest Territories, circa 1940. Shingwaumore

Students pose at All Saints Indian Residential School in Aklavik, Northwest Territories, circa 1940. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/Hvia REUTERS
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A boy attending the Shingwauk Indian Residential School poses in his best Sunday outfit in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1947.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

A boy attending the Shingwauk Indian Residential School poses in his best Sunday outfit in Sault Ste. Marie, Omore

A boy attending the Shingwauk Indian Residential School poses in his best Sunday outfit in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, circa 1947. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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A group of students take part in sewing class at St Joseph's Convent, otherwise known as the Fort Resolution Indian Residential School in Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories, in an undated photo.      
   Canada. Dept. of Mines and Technical Surveys/Library and Archives Canada

A group of students take part in sewing class at St Joseph's Convent, otherwise known as the Fort Resolution Imore

A group of students take part in sewing class at St Joseph's Convent, otherwise known as the Fort Resolution Indian Residential School in Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories, in an undated photo. Canada. Dept. of Mines and Technical Surveys/Library and Archives Canada
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Children play on swings at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, circa 1940s.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Children play on swings at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree commmore

Children play on swings at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, circa 1940s. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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The junior girls pose before bedtime at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, circa 1940s.   Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

The junior girls pose before bedtime at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenmore

The junior girls pose before bedtime at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, circa 1940s. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Girls work in the kitchen at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, circa 1940.    
  Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Girls work in the kitchen at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree comore

Girls work in the kitchen at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario, circa 1940. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Students seated at their desks in a classroom at the  Eskimo Point Federal Hostel in Arviat, Nunavut, in an undated photo.   
 D.B. Marsh/Library and Archives Canada

Students seated at their desks in a classroom at the  Eskimo Point Federal Hostel in Arviat, Nunavut, in an unmore

Students seated at their desks in a classroom at the  Eskimo Point Federal Hostel in Arviat, Nunavut, in an undated photo. D.B. Marsh/Library and Archives Canada
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Girls pose at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario in 1947.  Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Girls pose at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moosmore

Girls pose at the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario in 1947. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Students attending the Metlakatla Indian Residential School pose in Metlakatla, British Columbia, in an undated photo. William James Topley/Library and Archives Canada

Students attending the Metlakatla Indian Residential School pose in Metlakatla, British Columbia, in an undatemore

Students attending the Metlakatla Indian Residential School pose in Metlakatla, British Columbia, in an undated photo. William James Topley/Library and Archives Canada
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Girls play hopscotch outside the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario in 1947.    Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS

Girls play hopscotch outside the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree comore

Girls play hopscotch outside the Bishop Horden Memorial School, a residential school in the indigenous Cree community of Moose Factory, Ontario in 1947. Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre/via REUTERS
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Female students pose for a class portrait at St. Anthony's Indian Residential School in Onion Lake, Saskatchewan in a 1950 photo.   
Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs and Northern Development/Library and Archives Canada

Female students pose for a class portrait at St. Anthony's Indian Residential School in Onion Lake, Saskatchewmore

Female students pose for a class portrait at St. Anthony's Indian Residential School in Onion Lake, Saskatchewan in a 1950 photo. Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs and Northern Development/Library and Archives Canada
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Students assemble in formal attire outside the Fort Resolution Indian Residential School in Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories in a 1928 photo. 
J.F. Moran/Library and Archives Canada

Students assemble in formal attire outside the Fort Resolution Indian Residential School in Fort Resolution, Nmore

Students assemble in formal attire outside the Fort Resolution Indian Residential School in Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories in a 1928 photo. J.F. Moran/Library and Archives Canada
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