エディション:
日本
写真 | 2020年 10月 11日 08:57 JST

Meet the 2020 Nobel Prize winners

The United Nations' World Food Programme (WFP) won the Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to combat hunger around the world and improve conditions for peace in areas affected by conflict. The Rome-based organization says it helps some 97 million people in about 88 countries each year, and that one in nine people worldwide still do not have enough to eat. Pictured: WFP Executive Director David Beasley reacts as he speaks to the press in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso following the announcement. 


REUTERS/Anne Mimault  

The United Nations' World Food Programme (WFP) won the Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to combat hunger aroumore

The United Nations' World Food Programme (WFP) won the Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to combat hunger around the world and improve conditions for peace in areas affected by conflict. The Rome-based organization says it helps some 97 million people in about 88 countries each year, and that one in nine people worldwide still do not have enough to eat. Pictured: WFP Executive Director David Beasley reacts as he speaks to the press in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso following the announcement. REUTERS/Anne Mimault  
Close
1 / 12
The United Nations, which turns 75 this month, has itself won the Nobel Peace Prize in the past, as have several of its agencies, including the High Commissioner for Refugees, the UNICEF children's fund and its peacekeeping forces.     REUTERS/Erik De Castro

The United Nations, which turns 75 this month, has itself won the Nobel Peace Prize in the past, as have severmore

The United Nations, which turns 75 this month, has itself won the Nobel Peace Prize in the past, as have several of its agencies, including the High Commissioner for Refugees, the UNICEF children's fund and its peacekeeping forces.     REUTERS/Erik De Castro
Close
2 / 12
American poet Louise Gluck has won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature for "her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal".  Pictured: Gluck reacts outside her home in Cambridge, Massachusetts.  REUTERS/Katherine Taylor

American poet Louise Gluck has won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature for "her unmistakable poetic voice that more

American poet Louise Gluck has won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature for "her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal".  Pictured: Gluck reacts outside her home in Cambridge, Massachusetts.  REUTERS/Katherine Taylor
Close
3 / 12
A professor at Yale University, Gluck, 77, made her debut in 1968 with "Firstborn", and is seen as one of the most prominent poets in American contemporary literature. Her poetry is characterized by "a striving for clarity", the Academy said, with a focus on childhood, family life, and close relationships between parents and siblings.  
  REUTERS/Katherine Taylor

A professor at Yale University, Gluck, 77, made her debut in 1968 with "Firstborn", and is seen as one of the more

A professor at Yale University, Gluck, 77, made her debut in 1968 with "Firstborn", and is seen as one of the most prominent poets in American contemporary literature. Her poetry is characterized by "a striving for clarity", the Academy said, with a focus on childhood, family life, and close relationships between parents and siblings.  REUTERS/Katherine Taylor
Close
4 / 12
Emmanuelle Charpentier, director of the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin holds a Swedish-themed puppet after winning the 2020 Nobel Prize in chemistry for the development of a method for genome editing.   

|REUTERS/Fabrizio Bensch    

Emmanuelle Charpentier, director of the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin holds a Swedish-tmore

Emmanuelle Charpentier, director of the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin holds a Swedish-themed puppet after winning the 2020 Nobel Prize in chemistry for the development of a method for genome editing. |REUTERS/Fabrizio Bensch    
Close
5 / 12
Charpentier, who is French, and American Jennifer Doudna share the $1.1 million prize for developing the CRISPR/Cas9 tool to edit the DNA of animals, plants and microorganisms with precision. They become the sixth and seventh women to win a Nobel for chemistry, joining Marie Curie, who won in 1911, and more recently, Frances Arnold, in 2018.      

REUTERS/Eloy Alonso

Charpentier, who is French, and American Jennifer Doudna share the $1.1 million prize for developing the CRISPmore

Charpentier, who is French, and American Jennifer Doudna share the $1.1 million prize for developing the CRISPR/Cas9 tool to edit the DNA of animals, plants and microorganisms with precision. They become the sixth and seventh women to win a Nobel for chemistry, joining Marie Curie, who won in 1911, and more recently, Frances Arnold, in 2018. REUTERS/Eloy Alonso
Close
6 / 12
Three scientists who unravelled some of the deep mysteries of black holes, the awe-inspiring pockets of the universe where space and time cease to exist, have won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics. Britain's Roger Penrose, professor at the University of Oxford, won half the prize for his proof that black holes are a direct consequence of Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity.  


Jonathan Brady/Pool

Three scientists who unravelled some of the deep mysteries of black holes, the awe-inspiring pockets of the unmore

Three scientists who unravelled some of the deep mysteries of black holes, the awe-inspiring pockets of the universe where space and time cease to exist, have won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics. Britain's Roger Penrose, professor at the University of Oxford, won half the prize for his proof that black holes are a direct consequence of Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity. Jonathan Brady/Pool
Close
7 / 12
German Reinhard Genzel (pictured), of the Max Planck Institute and University of California, Berkeley, and Andrea Ghez, at the University of California, Los Angeles, shared the other half for discovering that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the center of our galaxy. Genzel was on a Zoom call with colleagues when the phone rang. "Just like in the movies, a voice said: 'This is Stockholm'," the 68-year-old astrophysicist told Reuters Television in his cluttered office on the outskirts of Munich. He was flabbergasted by the news: "I cried a little bit."     


REUTERS/Andreas Gebert

German Reinhard Genzel (pictured), of the Max Planck Institute and University of California, Berkeley, and Andmore

German Reinhard Genzel (pictured), of the Max Planck Institute and University of California, Berkeley, and Andrea Ghez, at the University of California, Los Angeles, shared the other half for discovering that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the center of our galaxy. Genzel was on a Zoom call with colleagues when the phone rang. "Just like in the movies, a voice said: 'This is Stockholm'," the 68-year-old astrophysicist told Reuters Television in his cluttered office on the outskirts of Munich. He was flabbergasted by the news: "I cried a little bit." REUTERS/Andreas Gebert
Close
8 / 12
Ghez - only the fourth woman to be awarded the Physics prize after Marie Curie in 1903, Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963 and Donna Strickland in 2018 - said she hoped it would inspire others to enter the field. Asked about the moment of discovery, Ghez said: "The first thing is doubt. You have to prove to yourself that what you are really seeing is what you think you are seeing. So, both doubt and excitement," the 55-year-old American said in a call with the committee after receiving the award.  


REUTERS/ Mike Blake

Ghez - only the fourth woman to be awarded the Physics prize after Marie Curie in 1903, Maria Goeppert-Mayer imore

Ghez - only the fourth woman to be awarded the Physics prize after Marie Curie in 1903, Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963 and Donna Strickland in 2018 - said she hoped it would inspire others to enter the field. Asked about the moment of discovery, Ghez said: "The first thing is doubt. You have to prove to yourself that what you are really seeing is what you think you are seeing. So, both doubt and excitement," the 55-year-old American said in a call with the committee after receiving the award. REUTERS/ Mike Blake
Close
9 / 12
Two Americans and a Briton won the 2020 Nobel Prize for Medicine for identifying the hepatitis C virus, in work spanning decades that has helped to limit the spread of the fatal disease and develop drugs to cure it. The discoveries by Harvey Alter, Charles Rice and Briton Michael Houghton mean there is now a chance of eradicating the hepatitis C virus - a goal the World Health Organization wants to achieve in the next decade.   
 Claudio Bresciani/TT News Agency

Two Americans and a Briton won the 2020 Nobel Prize for Medicine for identifying the hepatitis C virus, in wormore

Two Americans and a Briton won the 2020 Nobel Prize for Medicine for identifying the hepatitis C virus, in work spanning decades that has helped to limit the spread of the fatal disease and develop drugs to cure it. The discoveries by Harvey Alter, Charles Rice and Briton Michael Houghton mean there is now a chance of eradicating the hepatitis C virus - a goal the World Health Organization wants to achieve in the next decade.  Claudio Bresciani/TT News Agency
Close
10 / 12
"(To) go from basically the beginning-part of this discovery to when it can be successfully treated - this is kind of a rare treat for a basic scientist," Rice, 68, told reporters on a Zoom call. Rice said advances in gene sequencing would make it possible today for researchers to achieve "spectacular" progress towards developing treatments and vaccines for COVID-19.   

Rockefeller University/John Abbott/via REUTERS

"(To) go from basically the beginning-part of this discovery to when it can be successfully treated - this is more

"(To) go from basically the beginning-part of this discovery to when it can be successfully treated - this is kind of a rare treat for a basic scientist," Rice, 68, told reporters on a Zoom call. Rice said advances in gene sequencing would make it possible today for researchers to achieve "spectacular" progress towards developing treatments and vaccines for COVID-19. Rockefeller University/John Abbott/via REUTERS
Close
11 / 12
The shared prize recognizes research dating back to the 1960s when Alter (pictured), at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), found that a liver disease that was not hepatitis A or B could be spread through blood transfusions. The disease it causes was named hepatitis C. Its identification made it possible to develop tests to screen bloodbank supplies and greatly reduce the spread of the disease, which can cause cirrhosis and liver cancer.    
  NIH/via REUTERS

The shared prize recognizes research dating back to the 1960s when Alter (pictured), at the U.S. National Instmore

The shared prize recognizes research dating back to the 1960s when Alter (pictured), at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), found that a liver disease that was not hepatitis A or B could be spread through blood transfusions. The disease it causes was named hepatitis C. Its identification made it possible to develop tests to screen bloodbank supplies and greatly reduce the spread of the disease, which can cause cirrhosis and liver cancer. NIH/via REUTERS
Close
12 / 12

次のスライドショー

Best of the French Open

Our top images from the French Open tennis tournament.

2020年 10月 10日

Europe records 100,000 daily coronavirus cases for first time

Europe surpassed 100,000 daily reported COVID-19 cases for the first time on Thursday, after countries such as Russia and United Kingdom saw no respite in the...

2020年 10月 10日

Protests spread in Indonesia over polarizing jobs law

Police and demonstrators clash during protests and labor strikes against a polarizing new jobs law passed in Southeast Asia's largest economy.

2020年 10月 10日

Civilians caught in deadly Armenian-Azeri crossfire

Azerbaijan says Azeri cities outside Nagorno-Karabakh have been struck, and both sides say the other has hit civilian areas. Each denies targeting civilians.

2020年 10月 10日

その他のスライドショー

Notable people diagnosed with coronavirus

Notable people diagnosed with coronavirus

Public figures who have tested positive for COVID-19.

Pictures of the year: Natural disasters

Pictures of the year: Natural disasters

Our top natural disaster photos in 2020.

Notable deaths in 2020

Notable deaths in 2020

Newsmakers and celebrities who have died this year.

Photos of the month: November

Photos of the month: November

Our top photos from November 2020.

Pictures of the year: Aerials

Pictures of the year: Aerials

Our top aerial photography from 2020.

White House departures

White House departures

White House staff, advisers and government officials who have resigned or been fired under President Donald Trump, listed by the dates their departures were announced.

Clashes erupt at protest against police violence in Paris

Clashes erupt at protest against police violence in Paris

Hundreds of black-clad protesters clashed with police at the end of a demonstration against police violence and a bill that would make it a crime to circulate images of police officers in certain circumstances, which opponents say would limit press freedom.

Pictures of the year: Entertainment

Pictures of the year: Entertainment

Our top entertainment photos in 2020.

Pictures of the year 2020

Pictures of the year 2020

Our top news photography from the past year.

スライドショーランキング