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写真 | 2020年 06月 18日 06:30 JST

Monuments glorifying slavery and colonialism under scrutiny around the world

Sinil Ralph, 17, (L), and Larwuson Mulbah, 18, pose for graduation photos at the base of a monument of Confederate general Robert E. Lee after Virginia Governor Ralph Northam ordered its removal after widespread civil unrest following the death of George Floyd, in Richmond, Virginia, June 10, 2020. A judge issued a 10-day injunction against Governor Ralph Northam’s decision to remove the statue from the city. REUTERS/Julia Rendleman

Sinil Ralph, 17, (L), and Larwuson Mulbah, 18, pose for graduation photos at the base of a monument of Confedemore

Sinil Ralph, 17, (L), and Larwuson Mulbah, 18, pose for graduation photos at the base of a monument of Confederate general Robert E. Lee after Virginia Governor Ralph Northam ordered its removal after widespread civil unrest following the death of George Floyd, in Richmond, Virginia, June 10, 2020. A judge issued a 10-day injunction against Governor Ralph Northam’s decision to remove the statue from the city. REUTERS/Julia Rendleman
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Crews add concrete barriers around the monument to Confederate general Robert E. Lee in the early morning hours in Richmond, Virginia, June 17, 2020. REUTERS/Julia Rendleman

Crews add concrete barriers around the monument to Confederate general Robert E. Lee in the early morning hourmore

Crews add concrete barriers around the monument to Confederate general Robert E. Lee in the early morning hours in Richmond, Virginia, June 17, 2020. REUTERS/Julia Rendleman
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Workman loads the toppled Richmond Howitzers Monument, erected in 1892 to commemorate a Confederate artillery unit, onto a truck after protesters against racial inequality pulled it down overnight in Richmond, Virginia, June 17, 2020. REUTERS/Jay Paul

Workman loads the toppled Richmond Howitzers Monument, erected in 1892 to commemorate a Confederate artillery more

Workman loads the toppled Richmond Howitzers Monument, erected in 1892 to commemorate a Confederate artillery unit, onto a truck after protesters against racial inequality pulled it down overnight in Richmond, Virginia, June 17, 2020. REUTERS/Jay Paul
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A protest sign is held up in front of the Confederate monument carved into granite at Stone Mountain Park in Stone Mountain, Georgia, June 16, 2020. REUTERS/Dustin Chambers

A protest sign is held up in front of the Confederate monument carved into granite at Stone Mountain Park in Smore

A protest sign is held up in front of the Confederate monument carved into granite at Stone Mountain Park in Stone Mountain, Georgia, June 16, 2020. REUTERS/Dustin Chambers
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Protesters call for the removal of a colonial-era statue of Louis Botha, former prime minister of South Africa and one of the Boer War leaders, outside Parliament in Cape Town, South Africa June 16, 2020. Botha fought during the South African Boer war from 1899 to 1902 and saw soldiers from the then-British empire fighting against two independent Boer states - the South African Republic and the Orange Free State, over the empire's influence in South Africa. REUTERS/Mike Hutchings

Protesters call for the removal of a colonial-era statue of Louis Botha, former prime minister of South Africamore

Protesters call for the removal of a colonial-era statue of Louis Botha, former prime minister of South Africa and one of the Boer War leaders, outside Parliament in Cape Town, South Africa June 16, 2020. Botha fought during the South African Boer war from 1899 to 1902 and saw soldiers from the then-British empire fighting against two independent Boer states - the South African Republic and the Orange Free State, over the empire's influence in South Africa. REUTERS/Mike Hutchings
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Behind a statue of President Abraham Lincoln, state workers prepare to remove a statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis from the rotunda of the Capitol Building in Frankfort, Kentucky, June 12, 2020. In a bipartisan vote, a state historical commission agreed to remove the statue of Davis, president of the short-lived Confederate States of American, from its Capitol Rotunda in Frankfort. Democratic Governor Andy Beshear lauded the move, saying it was overdue. REUTERS/Bryan Woolston

Behind a statue of President Abraham Lincoln, state workers prepare to remove a statue of Confederate Presidenmore

Behind a statue of President Abraham Lincoln, state workers prepare to remove a statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis from the rotunda of the Capitol Building in Frankfort, Kentucky, June 12, 2020. In a bipartisan vote, a state historical commission agreed to remove the statue of Davis, president of the short-lived Confederate States of American, from its Capitol Rotunda in Frankfort. Democratic Governor Andy Beshear lauded the move, saying it was overdue. REUTERS/Bryan Woolston
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A caged statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis departs on a truck after being removed from the state capital in Frankfort, Kentucky, June 13, 2020. Kentucky was the last state admitted to the Confederacy, although it never formally seceded from the Union. Davis was born in Fairview in western Kentucky but grew up in Mississippi. REUTERS/Bryan Woolston

A caged statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis departs on a truck after being removed from the state more

A caged statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis departs on a truck after being removed from the state capital in Frankfort, Kentucky, June 13, 2020. Kentucky was the last state admitted to the Confederacy, although it never formally seceded from the Union. Davis was born in Fairview in western Kentucky but grew up in Mississippi. REUTERS/Bryan Woolston
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Protesters rally against racial inequality near the statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee in Richmond, Virginia, June 13, 2020. REUTERS/Jay Paul

Protesters rally against racial inequality near the statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee in Richmond, Vmore

Protesters rally against racial inequality near the statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee in Richmond, Virginia, June 13, 2020. REUTERS/Jay Paul
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The hands of a statue of former Belgian King Baudouin are seen covered in red paint in Brussels, Belgium June 12, 2020. The statue of King Baudouin - Belgium's second-longest reigning monarch after Leopold II - was found smeared bright red in a park in front of Brussels' Cathedral of St. Michael and St. Gudula on Friday. The word "reparation" was painted on the back. REUTERS/Francois Lenoir

The hands of a statue of former Belgian King Baudouin are seen covered in red paint in Brussels, Belgium June more

The hands of a statue of former Belgian King Baudouin are seen covered in red paint in Brussels, Belgium June 12, 2020. The statue of King Baudouin - Belgium's second-longest reigning monarch after Leopold II - was found smeared bright red in a park in front of Brussels' Cathedral of St. Michael and St. Gudula on Friday. The word "reparation" was painted on the back. REUTERS/Francois Lenoir
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Statue of Italian journalist and writer, Indro Montanelli, who defended colonialism, is seen smeared with red paint during the protests against racism, in Milan, Italy. June 14, 2020. The words "racist" and "rapist" were sprayed under the statue of Montanelli, who bought a 12-year-old Eritrean girl as his wife while serving in the Italian forces during its invasion of Ethiopia in the second Italo-Abyssinian War in 1936. Montanelli, a writer and right-wing journalist who died in 2001, appeared in a television interview in 1969 discussing how he bought the girl for marriage with money, describing it as "normal practice" in the region at the time.

REUTERS/Flavio Lo Scalzo

Statue of Italian journalist and writer, Indro Montanelli, who defended colonialism, is seen smeared with red more

Statue of Italian journalist and writer, Indro Montanelli, who defended colonialism, is seen smeared with red paint during the protests against racism, in Milan, Italy. June 14, 2020. The words "racist" and "rapist" were sprayed under the statue of Montanelli, who bought a 12-year-old Eritrean girl as his wife while serving in the Italian forces during its invasion of Ethiopia in the second Italo-Abyssinian War in 1936. Montanelli, a writer and right-wing journalist who died in 2001, appeared in a television interview in 1969 discussing how he bought the girl for marriage with money, describing it as "normal practice" in the region at the time. REUTERS/Flavio Lo Scalzo
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Police officers stand guard around the statue of British explorer Captain James Cook as they deter demonstrators from taking part in a protest against police brutality in Sydney, Australia, June 12, 2020. Australian police said they arrested two women after the statue of Cook, captain of the first Western ship to reach the east coast of Australia, was defaced. 

REUTERS/Loren Elliott

Police officers stand guard around the statue of British explorer Captain James Cook as they deter demonstratomore

Police officers stand guard around the statue of British explorer Captain James Cook as they deter demonstrators from taking part in a protest against police brutality in Sydney, Australia, June 12, 2020. Australian police said they arrested two women after the statue of Cook, captain of the first Western ship to reach the east coast of Australia, was defaced. REUTERS/Loren Elliott
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Statue of British Naval Captain John Fane Charles Hamilton is lifted out of the ground and onto a truck in Hamilton, New Zealand, June 12, 2020. The statue of Hamilton, accused of killing indigenous Maori people in the 19th century, in the city named after him, was taken down a day after a Maori leader threatened to tear it down himself. Hamilton led a regiment at the Battle of Gate Pa between the colonial government and Maori tribes in the 1860s, where he was killed.

TVNZ via REUTERS TV

Statue of British Naval Captain John Fane Charles Hamilton is lifted out of the ground and onto a truck in Hammore

Statue of British Naval Captain John Fane Charles Hamilton is lifted out of the ground and onto a truck in Hamilton, New Zealand, June 12, 2020. The statue of Hamilton, accused of killing indigenous Maori people in the 19th century, in the city named after him, was taken down a day after a Maori leader threatened to tear it down himself. Hamilton led a regiment at the Battle of Gate Pa between the colonial government and Maori tribes in the 1860s, where he was killed. TVNZ via REUTERS TV
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A vandalized statue of Christopher Columbus is seen at the Bayside Marketplace in downtown Miami, Florida, June 10, 2020. While Columbus was long hailed for opening the New World up to European civilization and settlement, present-day scholars acknowledge a more complicated legacy, including enslavement and subjugation of indigenous people. The statue in Miami was vandalized along with that of fellow explorer Ponce de Leon. Police said seven people were arrested in the incident, which they said grew violent.

REUTERS/Marco Bello

A vandalized statue of Christopher Columbus is seen at the Bayside Marketplace in downtown Miami, Florida, Junmore

A vandalized statue of Christopher Columbus is seen at the Bayside Marketplace in downtown Miami, Florida, June 10, 2020. While Columbus was long hailed for opening the New World up to European civilization and settlement, present-day scholars acknowledge a more complicated legacy, including enslavement and subjugation of indigenous people. The statue in Miami was vandalized along with that of fellow explorer Ponce de Leon. Police said seven people were arrested in the incident, which they said grew violent. REUTERS/Marco Bello
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A man reacts next to a statue of Robert Baden-Powell in Poole, Britain, June 11, 2020. Baden-Powell is widely hailed for setting up the scout movement which boasts 54 million members worldwide. But critics say he held racist views and was a supporter of Adolf Hitler and fascism. Poole council had said it would temporarily remove the statue pending discussions about its future, however the removal has been briefly delayed. REUTERS/Peter Nicholls

A man reacts next to a statue of Robert Baden-Powell in Poole, Britain, June 11, 2020. Baden-Powell is widely more

A man reacts next to a statue of Robert Baden-Powell in Poole, Britain, June 11, 2020. Baden-Powell is widely hailed for setting up the scout movement which boasts 54 million members worldwide. But critics say he held racist views and was a supporter of Adolf Hitler and fascism. Poole council had said it would temporarily remove the statue pending discussions about its future, however the removal has been briefly delayed. REUTERS/Peter Nicholls
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A statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis is defaced with paint and torn down in Richmond, Virginia, June 10, 2020. Footage posted on social media showed the statue of Davis, president of the pro-slavery Confederate states during the 1861-65 U.S. Civil War, being pulled into a tow truck and hauled away as people cheered. The base of the statue was covered with graffiti. It stood along Richmond's Monument Avenue, which is lined with statues of several prominent Confederate figures. The city served as capital of the Confederacy for almost all of the war.

DYLAN GARNER - RICHMOND TIMES-DISPATCH /via REUTERS

A statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis is defaced with paint and torn down in Richmond, Virginia, Jmore

A statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis is defaced with paint and torn down in Richmond, Virginia, June 10, 2020. Footage posted on social media showed the statue of Davis, president of the pro-slavery Confederate states during the 1861-65 U.S. Civil War, being pulled into a tow truck and hauled away as people cheered. The base of the statue was covered with graffiti. It stood along Richmond's Monument Avenue, which is lined with statues of several prominent Confederate figures. The city served as capital of the Confederacy for almost all of the war. DYLAN GARNER - RICHMOND TIMES-DISPATCH /via REUTERS
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The statue of Edward Colston is pulled out of the harbor in Bristol, Britain June 11, 2020. Protesters in the port city tore down a statue of the 17th century slave trader and threw it into the harbor. Colston made a fortune in the transatlantic slave trade, and later donated to a range of charitable causes in Bristol. Several streets and buildings in the city bear his name. Local council said it would be displayed in a museum. 

Bristol City Council/via REUTERS

The statue of Edward Colston is pulled out of the harbor in Bristol, Britain June 11, 2020. Protesters in the more

The statue of Edward Colston is pulled out of the harbor in Bristol, Britain June 11, 2020. Protesters in the port city tore down a statue of the 17th century slave trader and threw it into the harbor. Colston made a fortune in the transatlantic slave trade, and later donated to a range of charitable causes in Bristol. Several streets and buildings in the city bear his name. Local council said it would be displayed in a museum. Bristol City Council/via REUTERS
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Protesters tear down a statue of Edward Colston in Bristol, Britain June 7, 2020. Keir Gravil/via REUTERS

Protesters tear down a statue of Edward Colston in Bristol, Britain June 7, 2020. Keir Gravil/via REUTERS

Protesters tear down a statue of Edward Colston in Bristol, Britain June 7, 2020. Keir Gravil/via REUTERS
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Protesters throw the statue of Edward Colston into the water beside Pero's Bridge, in Bristol, Britain June 7, 2020. In the biggest deportation in known history, weapons and gunpowder from Europe were swapped for millions of African slaves who were then shipped across the Atlantic to the Americas. Ships returned to Europe with sugar, cotton and tobacco. As many as 17 million African men, women and children were torn from their homes and shackled into one of the world's most brutal globalized trades between the 15th and 19th centuries. Many died in merciless conditions.

Keir Gravil via REUTERS

Protesters throw the statue of Edward Colston into the water beside Pero's Bridge, in Bristol, Britain June 7,more

Protesters throw the statue of Edward Colston into the water beside Pero's Bridge, in Bristol, Britain June 7, 2020. In the biggest deportation in known history, weapons and gunpowder from Europe were swapped for millions of African slaves who were then shipped across the Atlantic to the Americas. Ships returned to Europe with sugar, cotton and tobacco. As many as 17 million African men, women and children were torn from their homes and shackled into one of the world's most brutal globalized trades between the 15th and 19th centuries. Many died in merciless conditions. Keir Gravil via REUTERS
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State Patrol officers stand guard as employees of Twin Cities Transport and Recovery work to clear the toppled statue of Christopher Columbus on the Minnesota State Capitol Grounds in St Paul, Minnesota, June 10, 2020. The 10-foot bronze statue, created by sculptor Carlo Brioschi and dedicated in 1931 as a gift to the city from Italian-Americans in Minnesota, was pulled from its granite base by several dozen people led by Minnesota-based Native American activist Mike Forcia outside the state Capitol, documented by news photographers and television camera operators.

REUTERS/Nicholas Pfosi

State Patrol officers stand guard as employees of Twin Cities Transport and Recovery work to clear the toppledmore

State Patrol officers stand guard as employees of Twin Cities Transport and Recovery work to clear the toppled statue of Christopher Columbus on the Minnesota State Capitol Grounds in St Paul, Minnesota, June 10, 2020. The 10-foot bronze statue, created by sculptor Carlo Brioschi and dedicated in 1931 as a gift to the city from Italian-Americans in Minnesota, was pulled from its granite base by several dozen people led by Minnesota-based Native American activist Mike Forcia outside the state Capitol, documented by news photographers and television camera operators. REUTERS/Nicholas Pfosi
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Michael Forcia, Chairman of the American Indian Movement in the Twin Cities, holds up the rope used to topple the statue of Christopher Columbus in St Paul, Minnesota, June 10, 2020. "It was the right thing to do and it was the right time to do it," Forcia told Reuters. Native American activists have long objected to honoring Columbus, saying that his expeditions to the Americas led to the colonization and genocide of their ancestors. Forcia said he was advised by a Minnesota state trooper that he could expect to be arrested in the coming days and charged with criminal destruction. A city crew removed the statue, which was broken at the base.

REUTERS/Nicholas Pfosi

Michael Forcia, Chairman of the American Indian Movement in the Twin Cities, holds up the rope used to topple more

Michael Forcia, Chairman of the American Indian Movement in the Twin Cities, holds up the rope used to topple the statue of Christopher Columbus in St Paul, Minnesota, June 10, 2020. "It was the right thing to do and it was the right time to do it," Forcia told Reuters. Native American activists have long objected to honoring Columbus, saying that his expeditions to the Americas led to the colonization and genocide of their ancestors. Forcia said he was advised by a Minnesota state trooper that he could expect to be arrested in the coming days and charged with criminal destruction. A city crew removed the statue, which was broken at the base. REUTERS/Nicholas Pfosi
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Ballerinas Kennedy George, 14, and Ava Holloway, 14, pose in front of a monument in Richmond, Virginia, of Confederate general Robert E. Lee after Governor Ralph Northam ordered its removal, June 5, 2020. A judge has issued a 10-day injunction blocking those plans. The southern Confederacy seceded from the United States, in large part to defend the practice of slavery, prompting the bloody 1861-65 U.S. Civil War.

REUTERS/Julia Rendleman

Ballerinas Kennedy George, 14, and Ava Holloway, 14, pose in front of a monument in Richmond, Virginia, of Conmore

Ballerinas Kennedy George, 14, and Ava Holloway, 14, pose in front of a monument in Richmond, Virginia, of Confederate general Robert E. Lee after Governor Ralph Northam ordered its removal, June 5, 2020. A judge has issued a 10-day injunction blocking those plans. The southern Confederacy seceded from the United States, in large part to defend the practice of slavery, prompting the bloody 1861-65 U.S. Civil War. REUTERS/Julia Rendleman
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Ballerinas Kennedy George, and Ava Holloway pose in front of a monument of Confederate general Robert E. Lee in Richmond, Virginia. At the time of the American Civil War, Virginia had been a slave-owning state, and Richmond had been the capital of the rebel Confederate states.

REUTERS/Julia Rendleman

Ballerinas Kennedy George, and Ava Holloway pose in front of a monument of Confederate general Robert E. Lee imore

Ballerinas Kennedy George, and Ava Holloway pose in front of a monument of Confederate general Robert E. Lee in Richmond, Virginia. At the time of the American Civil War, Virginia had been a slave-owning state, and Richmond had been the capital of the rebel Confederate states. REUTERS/Julia Rendleman
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The statue of Christopher Columbus was draped in a burning flag and then dumped in a lake in Richmond, Virginia, June 9, 2020. Anti-racism protesters tore down a the statue in Byrd park in Richmond, then draped it in a burning flag and dumped it in a lake, images of the incident posted on social media showed.

Instagram/@Michaelahatton + @804RRJA/via REUTERS

The statue of Christopher Columbus was draped in a burning flag and then dumped in a lake in Richmond, Virginimore

The statue of Christopher Columbus was draped in a burning flag and then dumped in a lake in Richmond, Virginia, June 9, 2020. Anti-racism protesters tore down a the statue in Byrd park in Richmond, then draped it in a burning flag and dumped it in a lake, images of the incident posted on social media showed. Instagram/@Michaelahatton + @804RRJA/via REUTERS
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The head of a statue of Christopher Columbus was pulled off overnight in Boston, Massachusetts, June 10, 2020. REUTERS/Brian Snyder

The head of a statue of Christopher Columbus was pulled off overnight in Boston, Massachusetts, June 10, 2020.more

The head of a statue of Christopher Columbus was pulled off overnight in Boston, Massachusetts, June 10, 2020. REUTERS/Brian Snyder
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People observe the base of the statue of Edward Colston, after protesters pulled it down and pushed into the docks in Bristol, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Matthew Childs

People observe the base of the statue of Edward Colston, after protesters pulled it down and pushed into the dmore

People observe the base of the statue of Edward Colston, after protesters pulled it down and pushed into the docks in Bristol, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Matthew Childs
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A statue of former Belgian King Leopold II stands in the city of Ghent, Belgium June 11, 2020. The colonial-era monarch's troops killed and maimed millions of people in Congo, Leopold's personal fiefdom from 1885 to 1908. Adam Hochschild, the U.S. author of the best-selling book "King Leopold's Ghost," concluded that about half the local population perished under the Belgian monarch. Villages that did not meet their rubber collection quotas were made to pay the debt by providing severed hands.

REUTERS/Yves Herman

A statue of former Belgian King Leopold II stands in the city of Ghent, Belgium June 11, 2020. The colonial-ermore

A statue of former Belgian King Leopold II stands in the city of Ghent, Belgium June 11, 2020. The colonial-era monarch's troops killed and maimed millions of people in Congo, Leopold's personal fiefdom from 1885 to 1908. Adam Hochschild, the U.S. author of the best-selling book "King Leopold's Ghost," concluded that about half the local population perished under the Belgian monarch. Villages that did not meet their rubber collection quotas were made to pay the debt by providing severed hands. REUTERS/Yves Herman
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Demonstrators stand on the statue of Leopold II as one of them holds a national flag of the Democratic Republic of Congo during a protest, in central Brussels, Belgium June 7, 2020. REUTERS/Yves Herman

Demonstrators stand on the statue of Leopold II as one of them holds a national flag of the Democratic Republimore

Demonstrators stand on the statue of Leopold II as one of them holds a national flag of the Democratic Republic of Congo during a protest, in central Brussels, Belgium June 7, 2020. REUTERS/Yves Herman
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A statue of former Belgian King Leopold II was found sprayed with graffiti in the park of the Africa Museum, in Tervuren, near Brussels, Belgium, June 9, 2020. REUTERS/Yves Herman

A statue of former Belgian King Leopold II was found sprayed with graffiti in the park of the Africa Museum, imore

A statue of former Belgian King Leopold II was found sprayed with graffiti in the park of the Africa Museum, in Tervuren, near Brussels, Belgium, June 9, 2020. REUTERS/Yves Herman
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A statue of Robert Milligan is seen covered with a blanket and a placard with a message in reference to the Black Lives Matter campaign outside the Museum of London Docklands near Canary Wharf, London, Britain, June 9, 2020. Milligan, an 18th century slave trader who owned sugar plantations in Jamaica, was involved in the construction of London's West India Docks. Onlookers cheered and applauded as workers in high-visibility jackets separated the statue from its plinth, then lifted it off with a crane truck.

REUTERS/John Sibley

A statue of Robert Milligan is seen covered with a blanket and a placard with a message in reference to the Blmore

A statue of Robert Milligan is seen covered with a blanket and a placard with a message in reference to the Black Lives Matter campaign outside the Museum of London Docklands near Canary Wharf, London, Britain, June 9, 2020. Milligan, an 18th century slave trader who owned sugar plantations in Jamaica, was involved in the construction of London's West India Docks. Onlookers cheered and applauded as workers in high-visibility jackets separated the statue from its plinth, then lifted it off with a crane truck. REUTERS/John Sibley
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A statue of Robert Milligan is removed by workers from outside the Museum of London Docklands near Canary Wharf, London, Britain, June 9, 2020. The mayor of Tower Hamlets, John Biggs, told Reuters from the scene he felt strongly it was no longer appropriate to leave the statue in place. He said it would be put into storage and discussions would take place about what to do with it. "People assumed he was just a businessman who helped build the docks, but when you dig into it you learn that in fact he was a slave trader," Biggs said. "I find it refreshing, I find it inspiring that people want to learn and reflect."

REUTERS/John Sibley

A statue of Robert Milligan is removed by workers from outside the Museum of London Docklands near Canary Wharmore

A statue of Robert Milligan is removed by workers from outside the Museum of London Docklands near Canary Wharf, London, Britain, June 9, 2020. The mayor of Tower Hamlets, John Biggs, told Reuters from the scene he felt strongly it was no longer appropriate to leave the statue in place. He said it would be put into storage and discussions would take place about what to do with it. "People assumed he was just a businessman who helped build the docks, but when you dig into it you learn that in fact he was a slave trader," Biggs said. "I find it refreshing, I find it inspiring that people want to learn and reflect." REUTERS/John Sibley
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A vandalized monument to Unknown Confederate Dead is seen in Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia, June 10, 2020. REUTERS/Dustin Chambers

A vandalized monument to Unknown Confederate Dead is seen in Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia, June 10, 20more

A vandalized monument to Unknown Confederate Dead is seen in Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia, June 10, 2020. REUTERS/Dustin Chambers
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Vandalized Confederate graves, which have since been washed, are seen in Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S. June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Dustin Chambers

Vandalized Confederate graves, which have since been washed, are seen in Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia,more

Vandalized Confederate graves, which have since been washed, are seen in Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S. June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Dustin Chambers
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Police officers are seen on the roof of Oriel College at Oxford University above a statue of British imperialist Cecil Rhodes during a protest for the statue's removal, in Oxford, Britain, June 9, 2020. More than 1,000 protesters converged on the college, chanting "take it down" and "shame on you" to demand the removal of a statue of the 19th century British colonialist. REUTERS/Hannah McKay

Police officers are seen on the roof of Oriel College at Oxford University above a statue of British imperialimore

Police officers are seen on the roof of Oriel College at Oxford University above a statue of British imperialist Cecil Rhodes during a protest for the statue's removal, in Oxford, Britain, June 9, 2020. More than 1,000 protesters converged on the college, chanting "take it down" and "shame on you" to demand the removal of a statue of the 19th century British colonialist. REUTERS/Hannah McKay
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Demonstrators hold placards during a protest at a statue of Cecil Rhodes at Oriel College in Oxford, Britain, June 9, 2020. A mining magnate, Rhodes was a central figure in Britain's colonial project in southern Africa, giving his name to Rhodesia, present-day Zimbabwe, and founding the De Beers diamond empire. He made his fortune from the exploitation of African miners, secured power through bloody imperial wars and paved the way to apartheid with his beliefs and measures on racial segregation.

REUTERS/Eddie Keogh

Demonstrators hold placards during a protest at a statue of Cecil Rhodes at Oriel College in Oxford, Britain, more

Demonstrators hold placards during a protest at a statue of Cecil Rhodes at Oriel College in Oxford, Britain, June 9, 2020. A mining magnate, Rhodes was a central figure in Britain's colonial project in southern Africa, giving his name to Rhodesia, present-day Zimbabwe, and founding the De Beers diamond empire. He made his fortune from the exploitation of African miners, secured power through bloody imperial wars and paved the way to apartheid with his beliefs and measures on racial segregation. REUTERS/Eddie Keogh
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A general view of demonstrators during a protest for the removal of a statue of Cecil Rhodes outside Oriel College in Oxford, Britain, June 9, 2020. A student at Oriel in his youth, Rhodes left the college money when he died and also endowed the Rhodes Scholarships, which have allowed more than 8,000 students from countries around the world to study at Oxford over the past century.

REUTERS/Eddie Keogh

A general view of demonstrators during a protest for the removal of a statue of Cecil Rhodes outside Oriel Colmore

A general view of demonstrators during a protest for the removal of a statue of Cecil Rhodes outside Oriel College in Oxford, Britain, June 9, 2020. A student at Oriel in his youth, Rhodes left the college money when he died and also endowed the Rhodes Scholarships, which have allowed more than 8,000 students from countries around the world to study at Oxford over the past century. REUTERS/Eddie Keogh
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The statue of Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville whose father Henry Dundas obstructed the abolition of slavery, is pictured with graffiti, in Edinburgh, Britain, June 10, 2020. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne

The statue of Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville whose father Henry Dundas obstructed the abolition of slavemore

The statue of Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville whose father Henry Dundas obstructed the abolition of slavery, is pictured with graffiti, in Edinburgh, Britain, June 10, 2020. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne
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The Statue of Queen Victoria is cleaned after it was vandalised in Woodhouse Moor, Leeds, Britain, June 10, 2020. REUTERS/Jason Cairnduff

The Statue of Queen Victoria is cleaned after it was vandalised in Woodhouse Moor, Leeds, Britain, June 10, 20more

The Statue of Queen Victoria is cleaned after it was vandalised in Woodhouse Moor, Leeds, Britain, June 10, 2020. REUTERS/Jason Cairnduff
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A protester speaks to the crowd underneath a Confederate monument in Raleigh, North Carolina, May 31, 2020. REUTERS/Jonathan Drake

A protester speaks to the crowd underneath a Confederate monument in Raleigh, North Carolina, May 31, 2020. REmore

A protester speaks to the crowd underneath a Confederate monument in Raleigh, North Carolina, May 31, 2020. REUTERS/Jonathan Drake
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A monument of Confederate president Jefferson Davis was marked during civil unrest in Richmond, Virginia, June 5, 2020. REUTERS/Julia Rendleman

A monument of Confederate president Jefferson Davis was marked during civil unrest in Richmond, Virginia, Junemore

A monument of Confederate president Jefferson Davis was marked during civil unrest in Richmond, Virginia, June 5, 2020. REUTERS/Julia Rendleman
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Several men stand at the locked gates of Jackson Square, where a statue of Andrew Jackson resides, and had brief heated words with demonstrators who had gathered around the square during a peaceful protest in New Orleans, Louisiana, June 5, 2020. REUTERS/Kathleen Flynn

Several men stand at the locked gates of Jackson Square, where a statue of Andrew Jackson resides, and had brimore

Several men stand at the locked gates of Jackson Square, where a statue of Andrew Jackson resides, and had brief heated words with demonstrators who had gathered around the square during a peaceful protest in New Orleans, Louisiana, June 5, 2020. REUTERS/Kathleen Flynn
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A demonstrator reacts at a statue of Winston Churchill in Parliament Square during a Black Lives Matter protest in London, Britain, June 7, 2020. Britain's wartime hero was under renewed scrutiny: a statue of him on Parliament Square in London was sprayed on Sunday with graffiti that read "Churchill was a racist." London Mayor Sadiq Khan said a commission would review statues, plaques and street names which largely reflect the rapid expansion of London's wealth and power at the height of Britain's empire in the reign of Queen Victoria.

REUTERS/Dylan Martinez

A demonstrator reacts at a statue of Winston Churchill in Parliament Square during a Black Lives Matter protesmore

A demonstrator reacts at a statue of Winston Churchill in Parliament Square during a Black Lives Matter protest in London, Britain, June 7, 2020. Britain's wartime hero was under renewed scrutiny: a statue of him on Parliament Square in London was sprayed on Sunday with graffiti that read "Churchill was a racist." London Mayor Sadiq Khan said a commission would review statues, plaques and street names which largely reflect the rapid expansion of London's wealth and power at the height of Britain's empire in the reign of Queen Victoria. REUTERS/Dylan Martinez
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Demonstrators during a Black Lives Matter protest in Parliament square by the Winston Churchill statue in Westminster, London, Britain, June 9, 2020. Churchill expressed racist and anti-Semitic views and critics blame him for denying food to India during the 1943 famine which killed more than two million people. Some Britons have long felt that the darker sides of his legacy should be given greater prominence.

REUTERS/Toby Melville

Demonstrators during a Black Lives Matter protest in Parliament square by the Winston Churchill statue in Westmore

Demonstrators during a Black Lives Matter protest in Parliament square by the Winston Churchill statue in Westminster, London, Britain, June 9, 2020. Churchill expressed racist and anti-Semitic views and critics blame him for denying food to India during the 1943 famine which killed more than two million people. Some Britons have long felt that the darker sides of his legacy should be given greater prominence. REUTERS/Toby Melville
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From left, protestors Eve Ettinger, 31, Addie Meredith, 27, and Reamey Belski, 31, stand in front of a monument of Confederate Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, in Richmond, Virginia, June 5, 2020. General Jackson, who led Confederate troops in several key victories, earned his nickname in July 1861 during one of two major battles fought near Manassas, when a fellow general is said to have shouted: "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall!"

REUTERS/Julia Rendleman

From left, protestors Eve Ettinger, 31, Addie Meredith, 27, and Reamey Belski, 31, stand in front of a monumenmore

From left, protestors Eve Ettinger, 31, Addie Meredith, 27, and Reamey Belski, 31, stand in front of a monument of Confederate Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, in Richmond, Virginia, June 5, 2020. General Jackson, who led Confederate troops in several key victories, earned his nickname in July 1861 during one of two major battles fought near Manassas, when a fellow general is said to have shouted: "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall!" REUTERS/Julia Rendleman
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A statue of Confederate general J.E.B. Stuart was marked during civil unrest in Richmond, Virginia, June 5, 2020. James Ewell Brown Stuart was a Virginia native and Confederate cavalry general in the 1861-65 U.S. Civil War. REUTERS/Julia Rendleman

A statue of Confederate general J.E.B. Stuart was marked during civil unrest in Richmond, Virginia, June 5, 20more

A statue of Confederate general J.E.B. Stuart was marked during civil unrest in Richmond, Virginia, June 5, 2020. James Ewell Brown Stuart was a Virginia native and Confederate cavalry general in the 1861-65 U.S. Civil War. REUTERS/Julia Rendleman
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A protester defaces a Confederate monument during nationwide unrest in Raleigh, North Carolina, May 31, 2020. REUTERS/Jonathan Drake

A protester defaces a Confederate monument during nationwide unrest in Raleigh, North Carolina, May 31, 2020. more

A protester defaces a Confederate monument during nationwide unrest in Raleigh, North Carolina, May 31, 2020. REUTERS/Jonathan Drake
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Protesters stand on a statue of Henry Grady, a journalist who wrote "the supremacy of the white race of the South must be maintained forever," during a protest in Atlanta, Georgia, May 29, 2020. REUTERS/Dustin Chambers

Protesters stand on a statue of Henry Grady, a journalist who wrote "the supremacy of the white race of the Somore

Protesters stand on a statue of Henry Grady, a journalist who wrote "the supremacy of the white race of the South must be maintained forever," during a protest in Atlanta, Georgia, May 29, 2020. REUTERS/Dustin Chambers
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A "Penny Lane" street sign, named after slave ship owner James Penny, is seen in Liverpool, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Jason Cairnduff

A "Penny Lane" street sign, named after slave ship owner James Penny, is seen in Liverpool, Britain, June 8, 2more

A "Penny Lane" street sign, named after slave ship owner James Penny, is seen in Liverpool, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Jason Cairnduff
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People observe a Boer War memorial covered with graffiti in Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne

People observe a Boer War memorial covered with graffiti in Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. more

People observe a Boer War memorial covered with graffiti in Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne
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Graffiti is seen on the statue of Thomas Carlyle in Kelvingrove Park, in Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. Carlyle penned the pamphlet "An Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question," which suggested that slavery should not have been abolished. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne

Graffiti is seen on the statue of Thomas Carlyle in Kelvingrove Park, in Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. Carlymore

Graffiti is seen on the statue of Thomas Carlyle in Kelvingrove Park, in Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. Carlyle penned the pamphlet "An Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question," which suggested that slavery should not have been abolished. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne
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A "Rosa Parks Street" sign is seen on Wilson Street, named for merchant George Wilson, in Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne

A "Rosa Parks Street" sign is seen on Wilson Street, named for merchant George Wilson, in Glasgow, Britain, Jumore

A "Rosa Parks Street" sign is seen on Wilson Street, named for merchant George Wilson, in Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne
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A "Gildart Street" sign named for Richard Gildart, slave trader and three-time mayor and one-time MP of Liverpool, is seen in Liverpool, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Jason Cairnduff

A "Gildart Street" sign named for Richard Gildart, slave trader and three-time mayor and one-time MP of Liverpmore

A "Gildart Street" sign named for Richard Gildart, slave trader and three-time mayor and one-time MP of Liverpool, is seen in Liverpool, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Jason Cairnduff
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A "Cunliffe Street" sign, named for slave trader and Liverpool mayor Foster Cunliffe, is seen in Liverpool, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Jason Cairnduff

A "Cunliffe Street" sign, named for slave trader and Liverpool mayor Foster Cunliffe, is seen in Liverpool, Brmore

A "Cunliffe Street" sign, named for slave trader and Liverpool mayor Foster Cunliffe, is seen in Liverpool, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Jason Cairnduff
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A sign renaming Dunlop Street, named after a family of tobacco merchants and slave owners, as "Joseph Knight Street" is seen in Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne

A sign renaming Dunlop Street, named after a family of tobacco merchants and slave owners, as "Joseph Knight Smore

A sign renaming Dunlop Street, named after a family of tobacco merchants and slave owners, as "Joseph Knight Street" is seen in Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne
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A "Harriet Tubman Street" sign is seen on Ingram Street, named for slave owner and tobacco trader Archibald Ingram, in Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne

A "Harriet Tubman Street" sign is seen on Ingram Street, named for slave owner and tobacco trader Archibald Inmore

A "Harriet Tubman Street" sign is seen on Ingram Street, named for slave owner and tobacco trader Archibald Ingram, in Glasgow, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Russell Cheyne
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A "Rodney Street" sign, named after slave trade supporter Admiral George Rodney, is seen in Liverpool, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Jason Cairnduff

A "Rodney Street" sign, named after slave trade supporter Admiral George Rodney, is seen in Liverpool, Britainmore

A "Rodney Street" sign, named after slave trade supporter Admiral George Rodney, is seen in Liverpool, Britain, June 8, 2020. REUTERS/Jason Cairnduff
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