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写真 | 2021年 04月 29日 04:44 JST

Notable deaths in 2021

American astronaut Michael Collins, who as pilot of the Apollo 11 command module stayed behind on July 20, 1969, while Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin traveled to the lunar surface to become the first humans to walk on the moon, died April 28 at age 90. Often described as the "forgotten" third astronaut on the historic mission, Collins remained alone in the command module for more than 21 hours until his two fellow astronauts returned in the lunar module. He lost contact with mission control in Houston each time the spacecraft circled the dark side of the moon. "Not since Adam has any human known such solitude as Mike Collins," the mission log said, referring to the biblical figure. The Air Force test pilot first voyaged into space in July 1966 as pilot on Gemini X, part of the missions that prepared NASA's Apollo program. His second, and final, spaceflight was the historic Apollo 11. After a short stint in government, Collins became director of the National Air and Space Museum, stepping down in 1978. He was also the author of a number of space-related books. His strongest memory from Apollo 11, he said, was looking back at the Earth, which he said seemed "fragile." "I really believe that if the political leaders of the world could see their planet from a distance of 100,000 miles, their outlook could be fundamentally changed. That all-important border would be invisible, that noisy argument silenced," he said.

NASA/Handout via REUTERS

American astronaut Michael Collins, who as pilot of the Apollo 11 command module stayed behind on July 20, 196more

American astronaut Michael Collins, who as pilot of the Apollo 11 command module stayed behind on July 20, 1969, while Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin traveled to the lunar surface to become the first humans to walk on the moon, died April 28 at age 90. Often described as the "forgotten" third astronaut on the historic mission, Collins remained alone in the command module for more than 21 hours until his two fellow astronauts returned in the lunar module. He lost contact with mission control in Houston each time the spacecraft circled the dark side of the moon. "Not since Adam has any human known such solitude as Mike Collins," the mission log said, referring to the biblical figure. The Air Force test pilot first voyaged into space in July 1966 as pilot on Gemini X, part of the missions that prepared NASA's Apollo program. His second, and final, spaceflight was the historic Apollo 11. After a short stint in government, Collins became director of the National Air and Space Museum, stepping down in 1978. He was also the author of a number of space-related books. His strongest memory from Apollo 11, he said, was looking back at the Earth, which he said seemed "fragile." "I really believe that if the political leaders of the world could see their planet from a distance of 100,000 miles, their outlook could be fundamentally changed. That all-important border would be invisible, that noisy argument silenced," he said. NASA/Handout via REUTERS
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Fashion designer Alber Elbaz, the former creative director at French fashion house Lanvin, died April 24 from COVID-19 at the age of 59. Elbaz was born in Morocco and raised in Israel from the age of one. He launched his fashion career in 1985, working with designer Geoffrey Beene before stints at Guy Laroche and Yves Saint Laurent's Rive Gauche. In 2001, he joined Lanvin, where he earned critical and commercial success based on his principle of putting women first. During his 14-year tenure, Elbaz was credited with reviving the French couture house's fortunes, with modern takes on silk cocktail dresses and colorful, feminine designs. "It was just about giving ease to women," he said of his dresses with industrial zips and raw edges, two of the hallmarks he established for Lanvin. Since 2019 he had been working on a joint venture with Richemont called AZ Factory, a company aimed at producing smart women's fashion by blending traditional craftsmanship with technology. 

REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes

Fashion designer Alber Elbaz, the former creative director at French fashion house Lanvin, died April 24 from more

Fashion designer Alber Elbaz, the former creative director at French fashion house Lanvin, died April 24 from COVID-19 at the age of 59. Elbaz was born in Morocco and raised in Israel from the age of one. He launched his fashion career in 1985, working with designer Geoffrey Beene before stints at Guy Laroche and Yves Saint Laurent's Rive Gauche. In 2001, he joined Lanvin, where he earned critical and commercial success based on his principle of putting women first. During his 14-year tenure, Elbaz was credited with reviving the French couture house's fortunes, with modern takes on silk cocktail dresses and colorful, feminine designs. "It was just about giving ease to women," he said of his dresses with industrial zips and raw edges, two of the hallmarks he established for Lanvin. Since 2019 he had been working on a joint venture with Richemont called AZ Factory, a company aimed at producing smart women's fashion by blending traditional craftsmanship with technology. REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes
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Chad's President Idriss Deby, who ruled his country for more than 30 years and was an important Western ally in the fight against Islamist militants in Africa, was killed on the frontline against rebels in the north on April 20. Deby, 68, came to power in a rebellion in 1990 and was one of Africa's longest-ruling leaders, surviving numerous coup attempts and rebellions. His death was announced the day after he was declared the winner of a presidential election that would have given him a sixth term in office. Most of the opposition, which had long complained of his repressive rule, boycotted the vote. Deby had pushed through a new constitution in 2018 that would have allowed him to stay in power until 2033 - even as it re-instated term limits. He was dealing with mounting public discontent over his management of Chad's oil wealth and crackdowns on opponents. But in the announced election results, Deby claimed 79% of the vote. Western countries have counted on Deby as an ally in the fight against Islamist militant groups, including Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin and groups linked to al Qaeda and Islamic State in the Sahel.

REUTERS/Regis Duvignau/Pool

Chad's President Idriss Deby, who ruled his country for more than 30 years and was an important Western ally imore

Chad's President Idriss Deby, who ruled his country for more than 30 years and was an important Western ally in the fight against Islamist militants in Africa, was killed on the frontline against rebels in the north on April 20. Deby, 68, came to power in a rebellion in 1990 and was one of Africa's longest-ruling leaders, surviving numerous coup attempts and rebellions. His death was announced the day after he was declared the winner of a presidential election that would have given him a sixth term in office. Most of the opposition, which had long complained of his repressive rule, boycotted the vote. Deby had pushed through a new constitution in 2018 that would have allowed him to stay in power until 2033 - even as it re-instated term limits. He was dealing with mounting public discontent over his management of Chad's oil wealth and crackdowns on opponents. But in the announced election results, Deby claimed 79% of the vote. Western countries have counted on Deby as an ally in the fight against Islamist militant groups, including Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin and groups linked to al Qaeda and Islamic State in the Sahel. REUTERS/Regis Duvignau/Pool
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Walter Mondale, a leading liberal Democratic voice of the late 20th century who was U.S. vice president under Jimmy Carter and lost in a landslide to Ronald Reagan in the 1984 presidential election, died on April 19 at age 93. Mondale, the first major party presidential nominee to pick a woman running mate, believed in an activist government and worked for civil rights, school integration, consumer protection and farm and labor interests as a senator and vice president during Carter's troubled one-term presidency from 1977 to 1981. He also served as U.S. ambassador to Japan from 1993 to 1996 under Bill Clinton. Widely known as "Fritz," Mondale was the Democratic nominee in 1984 against Reagan, a popular incumbent Republican who had beaten Carter four years earlier, and selected New York Democratic congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro as his vice presidential running mate. Despite the historic selection of a woman, Mondale suffered one of the worst defeats ever in a U.S. presidential election, losing in 49 of the 50 states and carrying only his native Minnesota as well as Washington, D.C.

REUTERS/Mike Segar

Walter Mondale, a leading liberal Democratic voice of the late 20th century who was U.S. vice president under more

Walter Mondale, a leading liberal Democratic voice of the late 20th century who was U.S. vice president under Jimmy Carter and lost in a landslide to Ronald Reagan in the 1984 presidential election, died on April 19 at age 93. Mondale, the first major party presidential nominee to pick a woman running mate, believed in an activist government and worked for civil rights, school integration, consumer protection and farm and labor interests as a senator and vice president during Carter's troubled one-term presidency from 1977 to 1981. He also served as U.S. ambassador to Japan from 1993 to 1996 under Bill Clinton. Widely known as "Fritz," Mondale was the Democratic nominee in 1984 against Reagan, a popular incumbent Republican who had beaten Carter four years earlier, and selected New York Democratic congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro as his vice presidential running mate. Despite the historic selection of a woman, Mondale suffered one of the worst defeats ever in a U.S. presidential election, losing in 49 of the 50 states and carrying only his native Minnesota as well as Washington, D.C. REUTERS/Mike Segar
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Helen McCrory, the "beautiful and mighty" British actress known for playing steely female characters on stage and screen, died at the age of 52, her husband, Damian Lewis, said on April 16. On screen she starred as Narcissa Malfoy in Harry Potter films, as the matriarch of a crime family in Peaky Blinders and as the wife of former prime minister Tony Blair, Cherie. On stage she appeared as Medea, Lady Macbeth and Hester Collyer in The Deep Blue Sea. "I'm heartbroken to announce that after an heroic battle with cancer, the beautiful and mighty woman that is Helen McCrory has died peacefully at home, surrounded by a wave of love from friends and family," the "Homeland" actor Lewis said. "She died as she lived. Fearlessly. God we loved her and know how lucky we are to have had her in our lives. She blazed so brightly. Go now, Little One, into the air, and thank you." The couple, who had two young children, married in 2007. They had recently raised over one million pounds to give health workers restaurant meals during the pandemic.

REUTERS/Steve Parsons/Pool

Helen McCrory, the "beautiful and mighty" British actress known for playing steely female characters on stage more

Helen McCrory, the "beautiful and mighty" British actress known for playing steely female characters on stage and screen, died at the age of 52, her husband, Damian Lewis, said on April 16. On screen she starred as Narcissa Malfoy in Harry Potter films, as the matriarch of a crime family in Peaky Blinders and as the wife of former prime minister Tony Blair, Cherie. On stage she appeared as Medea, Lady Macbeth and Hester Collyer in The Deep Blue Sea. "I'm heartbroken to announce that after an heroic battle with cancer, the beautiful and mighty woman that is Helen McCrory has died peacefully at home, surrounded by a wave of love from friends and family," the "Homeland" actor Lewis said. "She died as she lived. Fearlessly. God we loved her and know how lucky we are to have had her in our lives. She blazed so brightly. Go now, Little One, into the air, and thank you." The couple, who had two young children, married in 2007. They had recently raised over one million pounds to give health workers restaurant meals during the pandemic. REUTERS/Steve Parsons/Pool
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Bernard Madoff, who was convicted for running the largest known Ponzi scheme in history, died on April 14 in prison where he was serving a 150-year sentence for engineering a fraud estimated as high as $64.8 billion. He was 82. Madoff for decades presented himself as a successful and trusted Wall Street kingpin while secretly engaging in investment fraud, prompting his sentencing judge to condemn his crimes as "extraordinarily evil." Madoff's thousands of victims, large and small, included individuals, charities, pension funds and hedge funds. Among those he betrayed were the actors Kevin Bacon, Kyra Sedgwick and John Malkovich; baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Sandy Koufax; and a charity associated with director Steven Spielberg. Owners of the New York Mets, longtime Madoff clients, struggled for years to field a good baseball team because of losses they suffered. "We thought he was God. We trusted everything in his hands," Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel, whose foundation lost $15.2 million, said in 2009. Some victims lost everything. Many came from the Jewish community, where Madoff had been a major philanthropist.

REUTERS/Brendan McDermid

Bernard Madoff, who was convicted for running the largest known Ponzi scheme in history, died on April 14 in pmore

Bernard Madoff, who was convicted for running the largest known Ponzi scheme in history, died on April 14 in prison where he was serving a 150-year sentence for engineering a fraud estimated as high as $64.8 billion. He was 82. Madoff for decades presented himself as a successful and trusted Wall Street kingpin while secretly engaging in investment fraud, prompting his sentencing judge to condemn his crimes as "extraordinarily evil." Madoff's thousands of victims, large and small, included individuals, charities, pension funds and hedge funds. Among those he betrayed were the actors Kevin Bacon, Kyra Sedgwick and John Malkovich; baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Sandy Koufax; and a charity associated with director Steven Spielberg. Owners of the New York Mets, longtime Madoff clients, struggled for years to field a good baseball team because of losses they suffered. "We thought he was God. We trusted everything in his hands," Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel, whose foundation lost $15.2 million, said in 2009. Some victims lost everything. Many came from the Jewish community, where Madoff had been a major philanthropist. REUTERS/Brendan McDermid
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Rapper and actor Earl Simmons, known by the stage name DMX or Dark Man X, died April 9, People magazine said, after suffering a heart attack during what media reports said was a drug overdose. He was 50 years old. The chart-topping artist's songs included "Party Up (Up in Here)" and "X Gon' Give It To Ya." His career had been marked by addiction, legal troubles and prison time. Growing up in Yonkers, New York, DMX took his moniker from the name of a drum machine used in rap songs. When he was 14, an older rapper who had been a mentor tricked him into smoking crack, DMX said in a documentary series broadcast on BET. "He created a monster," he said. "Cocaine almost took my life on a few occasions." His debut album in 1998, "It's Dark and Hell is Hot," was the first of five in a row to top the Billboard 200 chart in the United States. DMX released eight albums and was nominated for three Grammys. He earned more than 40 film and television credits, including "Belly," "Romeo Must Die," and action films "Cradle 2 the Grave" and "Exit Wounds," also contributing music to their soundtracks. The rapper's intense songs told stories of a complex character's "sins of the streets," according to a biography on allmusic.com, which described DMX as a "hip-hop Johnny Cash." In the 1998 song "Slippin'," DMX rapped: "To live is to suffer, but to survive, well, that's to find meaning in the suffering."

REUTERS/Joe Traver

Rapper and actor Earl Simmons, known by the stage name DMX or Dark Man X, died April 9, People magazine said, more

Rapper and actor Earl Simmons, known by the stage name DMX or Dark Man X, died April 9, People magazine said, after suffering a heart attack during what media reports said was a drug overdose. He was 50 years old. The chart-topping artist's songs included "Party Up (Up in Here)" and "X Gon' Give It To Ya." His career had been marked by addiction, legal troubles and prison time. Growing up in Yonkers, New York, DMX took his moniker from the name of a drum machine used in rap songs. When he was 14, an older rapper who had been a mentor tricked him into smoking crack, DMX said in a documentary series broadcast on BET. "He created a monster," he said. "Cocaine almost took my life on a few occasions." His debut album in 1998, "It's Dark and Hell is Hot," was the first of five in a row to top the Billboard 200 chart in the United States. DMX released eight albums and was nominated for three Grammys. He earned more than 40 film and television credits, including "Belly," "Romeo Must Die," and action films "Cradle 2 the Grave" and "Exit Wounds," also contributing music to their soundtracks. The rapper's intense songs told stories of a complex character's "sins of the streets," according to a biography on allmusic.com, which described DMX as a "hip-hop Johnny Cash." In the 1998 song "Slippin'," DMX rapped: "To live is to suffer, but to survive, well, that's to find meaning in the suffering." REUTERS/Joe Traver
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Prince Philip, who was Queen Elizabeth's husband for more than seven decades and helped to modernize the British monarchy and steer the royal family through repeated crises, died April 9 at age 99. The Duke of Edinburgh, as he was officially known, had been by his wife's side throughout her 69-year reign, the longest in British history. During that time he earned a reputation for a tough, no-nonsense attitude and a propensity for occasional gaffes and comments deemed racist and offensive. A Greek prince, Philip married Elizabeth in 1947. He went on to play a key role helping the monarchy to adapt to a changing world in the post-World War Two period, and behind the walls of Buckingham Palace was the one key figure the queen could trust and turn to, knowing he could tell her exactly what he thought. "He has, quite simply, been my strength and stay all these years," Elizabeth, 94, said in a rare personal tribute to Philip in a speech marking their 50th wedding anniversary in 1997. "I, and his whole family, and this and many other countries, owe him a debt greater than he would ever claim, or we shall ever know."

REUTERS/Ben Stansall/Pool

Prince Philip, who was Queen Elizabeth's husband for more than seven decades and helped to modernize the Britimore

Prince Philip, who was Queen Elizabeth's husband for more than seven decades and helped to modernize the British monarchy and steer the royal family through repeated crises, died April 9 at age 99. The Duke of Edinburgh, as he was officially known, had been by his wife's side throughout her 69-year reign, the longest in British history. During that time he earned a reputation for a tough, no-nonsense attitude and a propensity for occasional gaffes and comments deemed racist and offensive. A Greek prince, Philip married Elizabeth in 1947. He went on to play a key role helping the monarchy to adapt to a changing world in the post-World War Two period, and behind the walls of Buckingham Palace was the one key figure the queen could trust and turn to, knowing he could tell her exactly what he thought. "He has, quite simply, been my strength and stay all these years," Elizabeth, 94, said in a rare personal tribute to Philip in a speech marking their 50th wedding anniversary in 1997. "I, and his whole family, and this and many other countries, owe him a debt greater than he would ever claim, or we shall ever know." REUTERS/Ben Stansall/Pool
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Actress Jessica Walter, best known for her work as the stalker in Clint Eastwood's "Play Misty for Me," and for her roles in "Arrested Development" and "Archer," died March 24 at the age of 80. Walter received an Emmy nomination in 2005 for outstanding supporting actress in a comedy for playing the manipulative alcoholic Lucille Bluth in the critically adored and highly influential comedy "Arrested Development." With husband Ron Leibman, Walter voiced mom Malory Archer in the animated espionage comedy "Archer." When asked about the distinction between Malory Archer and Lucille Bluth, Walter told Indiewire, "With Lucille, one of the main things I thought about was her goal is to stay in the lifestyle she's accustomed to living in, and so what does she have to do to achieve that? Malory, she works for a living and she runs the business -- she makes the money and she doesn't have to rely on people. Well, she has to rely on her agents to do their job, but she's the boss. Lucille secretly is the boss, but her husband doesn't know it. She's the woman behind the man, pushing, grabbing."

REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni

Actress Jessica Walter, best known for her work as the stalker in Clint Eastwood's "Play Misty for Me," and fomore

Actress Jessica Walter, best known for her work as the stalker in Clint Eastwood's "Play Misty for Me," and for her roles in "Arrested Development" and "Archer," died March 24 at the age of 80. Walter received an Emmy nomination in 2005 for outstanding supporting actress in a comedy for playing the manipulative alcoholic Lucille Bluth in the critically adored and highly influential comedy "Arrested Development." With husband Ron Leibman, Walter voiced mom Malory Archer in the animated espionage comedy "Archer." When asked about the distinction between Malory Archer and Lucille Bluth, Walter told Indiewire, "With Lucille, one of the main things I thought about was her goal is to stay in the lifestyle she's accustomed to living in, and so what does she have to do to achieve that? Malory, she works for a living and she runs the business -- she makes the money and she doesn't have to rely on people. Well, she has to rely on her agents to do their job, but she's the boss. Lucille secretly is the boss, but her husband doesn't know it. She's the woman behind the man, pushing, grabbing." REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni
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Egyptian feminist and writer Nawal el-Saadawi, a leading voice on women's rights in the Arab world who was detained for her views and had some of her works banned, died March 21 aged 89. In her autobiography "A Daughter of Isis," she described growing up in a patriarchal culture where girls were subjected to abuses including child marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM). After being subjected to the procedure herself as a young girl, she became an early campaigner against FGM while working as a doctor in the 1950s and 1960s. Later, she railed against religious authorities, Islamists and governments for their defense of conservative values and wrote dozens of books that addressed taboos including sexuality and prostitution. "After traveling all over the world ... I discovered that girls are brought up in a very similar way -- we are all in the same boat. The patriarchal, religious, capitalist system is universal," Saadawi said in 2018.

REUTERS/Mona Sharaf

Egyptian feminist and writer Nawal el-Saadawi, a leading voice on women's rights in the Arab world who was detmore

Egyptian feminist and writer Nawal el-Saadawi, a leading voice on women's rights in the Arab world who was detained for her views and had some of her works banned, died March 21 aged 89. In her autobiography "A Daughter of Isis," she described growing up in a patriarchal culture where girls were subjected to abuses including child marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM). After being subjected to the procedure herself as a young girl, she became an early campaigner against FGM while working as a doctor in the 1950s and 1960s. Later, she railed against religious authorities, Islamists and governments for their defense of conservative values and wrote dozens of books that addressed taboos including sexuality and prostitution. "After traveling all over the world ... I discovered that girls are brought up in a very similar way -- we are all in the same boat. The patriarchal, religious, capitalist system is universal," Saadawi said in 2018. REUTERS/Mona Sharaf
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Tanzania's President John Magufuli, admired by followers for his hostility to corruption and waste but regarded by foes as an irascible authoritarian intolerant of dissent and skeptical about COVID-19, died March 17 aged 61. He was nicknamed "The Bulldozer" for his fondness for massive public works and a reputation for pushing through policies despite opposition - a hard-charging leadership style that won support from many Tanzanians. But he also attracted criticism at home and abroad for what opponents saw as his eccentric handling of the coronavirus pandemic. Vice President Samia Suluhu Hassan said he had died of heart illness, days after officials denied he had fallen ill amid rumors that he had contracted COVID-19. Mangufuli decried lockdowns, was skeptical of COVID-19 drugs and suggested vaccines may be part of a foreign plot to steal Africa's wealth.

REUTERS/Sadi Said

Tanzania's President John Magufuli, admired by followers for his hostility to corruption and waste but regardemore

Tanzania's President John Magufuli, admired by followers for his hostility to corruption and waste but regarded by foes as an irascible authoritarian intolerant of dissent and skeptical about COVID-19, died March 17 aged 61. He was nicknamed "The Bulldozer" for his fondness for massive public works and a reputation for pushing through policies despite opposition - a hard-charging leadership style that won support from many Tanzanians. But he also attracted criticism at home and abroad for what opponents saw as his eccentric handling of the coronavirus pandemic. Vice President Samia Suluhu Hassan said he had died of heart illness, days after officials denied he had fallen ill amid rumors that he had contracted COVID-19. Mangufuli decried lockdowns, was skeptical of COVID-19 drugs and suggested vaccines may be part of a foreign plot to steal Africa's wealth. REUTERS/Sadi Said
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James Levine, one of the world's most acclaimed conductors who served as music director for the Metropolitan Opera in New York for four decades before sexual abuse accusations ended his career, died March 9 at age 77. The maestro, known for his wild hair and bespectacled face, was long revered by the Met's audiences, singers and symphony-sized orchestra at America's cathedral of opera whose standards he helped place among the highest in the world. Levine, considered the foremost American conductor of his time and perhaps the most celebrated since Leonard Bernstein, led about 2,500 performances of 85 different operas since his Met debut in 1971, more than anyone else since it was founded in 1880. He also conducted some of the major orchestras of America and Europe, most notably the Munich Philharmonic and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He stepped down as music director in 2016 after struggling with health problems, but was fired in 2018 from his reduced role with the Met after three men accused him of abusing them as teenagers as far back as 1968.

REUTERS/Jim Bourg

James Levine, one of the world's most acclaimed conductors who served as music director for the Metropolitan Omore

James Levine, one of the world's most acclaimed conductors who served as music director for the Metropolitan Opera in New York for four decades before sexual abuse accusations ended his career, died March 9 at age 77. The maestro, known for his wild hair and bespectacled face, was long revered by the Met's audiences, singers and symphony-sized orchestra at America's cathedral of opera whose standards he helped place among the highest in the world. Levine, considered the foremost American conductor of his time and perhaps the most celebrated since Leonard Bernstein, led about 2,500 performances of 85 different operas since his Met debut in 1971, more than anyone else since it was founded in 1880. He also conducted some of the major orchestras of America and Europe, most notably the Munich Philharmonic and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He stepped down as music director in 2016 after struggling with health problems, but was fired in 2018 from his reduced role with the Met after three men accused him of abusing them as teenagers as far back as 1968. REUTERS/Jim Bourg
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Poet and publisher Lawrence Ferlinghetti, whose City Lights Bookstore in San Francisco became a West Coast literary haven for Beat Generation writers like Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg, died February 22 at the age of 101. Ferlinghetti and Peter D. Martin had founded City Lights as a bookstore and small publisher in 1953, naming it for Charlie Chaplin's 1931 movie. In a few years it became a Bohemian mecca for intellectuals, writers, dissidents, activists, musicians and artists. "I keep telling people I wasn't a member of the original Beat Generation," Ferlinghetti told the Los Angeles Times in 2005. "I was sort of the guy tending the store." In 1957, Ferlinghetti found himself on the front line of a constitutional fight when he was arrested after publishing and selling Ginsberg's ground-breaking "Howl and Other Poems." While it was considered an epic achievement by Beat peers, "Howl" shocked much of America with its references to drugs and homosexuality and renunciation of mainstream society. Ferlinghetti was cleared of obscenity charges when a judge ruled "Howl" was not obscene because it had redeeming social value. "It put us on the map, courtesy of the San Francisco Police Department," Ferlinghetti said. "It's hard to get that kind of publicity."

REUTERS/Stringer

Poet and publisher Lawrence Ferlinghetti, whose City Lights Bookstore in San Francisco became a West Coast litmore

Poet and publisher Lawrence Ferlinghetti, whose City Lights Bookstore in San Francisco became a West Coast literary haven for Beat Generation writers like Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg, died February 22 at the age of 101. Ferlinghetti and Peter D. Martin had founded City Lights as a bookstore and small publisher in 1953, naming it for Charlie Chaplin's 1931 movie. In a few years it became a Bohemian mecca for intellectuals, writers, dissidents, activists, musicians and artists. "I keep telling people I wasn't a member of the original Beat Generation," Ferlinghetti told the Los Angeles Times in 2005. "I was sort of the guy tending the store." In 1957, Ferlinghetti found himself on the front line of a constitutional fight when he was arrested after publishing and selling Ginsberg's ground-breaking "Howl and Other Poems." While it was considered an epic achievement by Beat peers, "Howl" shocked much of America with its references to drugs and homosexuality and renunciation of mainstream society. Ferlinghetti was cleared of obscenity charges when a judge ruled "Howl" was not obscene because it had redeeming social value. "It put us on the map, courtesy of the San Francisco Police Department," Ferlinghetti said. "It's hard to get that kind of publicity." REUTERS/Stringer
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Provocative and polarizing talk radio luminary Rush Limbaugh, a leading voice on the American political right since the 1980s who boosted, and was honored by, former President Donald Trump, died February 17 at age 70. Limbaugh pioneered the American media phenomenon of conservative talk radio and became an enthusiastic combatant in the U.S. culture wars. Limbaugh espoused an unflinchingly populist brand of conservatism during a daily show broadcast on more than 600 radio stations across the United States. He railed against left-wing causes from global warming to healthcare reform as he helped shape the Republican Party's agenda in the media and mobilize its grass-roots supporters. He ridiculed mainstream news outlets and relished the controversies often sparked by his on-air commentary. His success helped spawn a new class of right-wing pundits on radio, television and the internet, among them Bill O'Reilly, Sean Hannity, Glenn Beck and Alex Jones. Limbaugh called his followers "ditto heads." He coined the term "femi-Nazis" to disparage women's rights activists. Limbaugh in 2012 called a law student who spoke to a congressional hearing about birth control a "slut," causing some sponsors to pull their advertising from his show. More recently, Limbaugh promoted Trump's false claims to have had the 2020 presidential election stolen from him through widespread fraud and irregularities. After Democrat Joe Biden was inaugurated as Trump's successor last month, Limbaugh told listeners the new president had not legitimately won.

REUTERS/Leah Millis

Provocative and polarizing talk radio luminary Rush Limbaugh, a leading voice on the American political right more

Provocative and polarizing talk radio luminary Rush Limbaugh, a leading voice on the American political right since the 1980s who boosted, and was honored by, former President Donald Trump, died February 17 at age 70. Limbaugh pioneered the American media phenomenon of conservative talk radio and became an enthusiastic combatant in the U.S. culture wars. Limbaugh espoused an unflinchingly populist brand of conservatism during a daily show broadcast on more than 600 radio stations across the United States. He railed against left-wing causes from global warming to healthcare reform as he helped shape the Republican Party's agenda in the media and mobilize its grass-roots supporters. He ridiculed mainstream news outlets and relished the controversies often sparked by his on-air commentary. His success helped spawn a new class of right-wing pundits on radio, television and the internet, among them Bill O'Reilly, Sean Hannity, Glenn Beck and Alex Jones. Limbaugh called his followers "ditto heads." He coined the term "femi-Nazis" to disparage women's rights activists. Limbaugh in 2012 called a law student who spoke to a congressional hearing about birth control a "slut," causing some sponsors to pull their advertising from his show. More recently, Limbaugh promoted Trump's false claims to have had the 2020 presidential election stolen from him through widespread fraud and irregularities. After Democrat Joe Biden was inaugurated as Trump's successor last month, Limbaugh told listeners the new president had not legitimately won. REUTERS/Leah Millis
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Keyboardist-composer Chick Corea, who attained stardom as a fusion pioneer and distinguished himself as a do-anything player across the jazz spectrum and beyond, died February 9 at the age of 79. Rising to prominence as a sideman in Miles Davis' groundbreaking electric bands of the late '60s, Corea co-founded the avant garde unit Circle before becoming a commercial force in his own right with the stormy '70s fusion group Return to Forever. He also distinguished himself in duo performances with pianist Herbie Hancock and vibraphonist Gary Burton; led his own Elektric Band and Akoustic Band; and ventured into contemporary classic music at the turn of the millennium. A prolific record-maker with nearly 90 albums as a leader or co-leader to his credit, Corea racked up a staggering 22 Grammy Awards (and a total of 63 nominations) and three Latin Grammys. He was named a National Endowment of the Arts Jazz Master in 2006.

REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni

Keyboardist-composer Chick Corea, who attained stardom as a fusion pioneer and distinguished himself as a do-amore

Keyboardist-composer Chick Corea, who attained stardom as a fusion pioneer and distinguished himself as a do-anything player across the jazz spectrum and beyond, died February 9 at the age of 79. Rising to prominence as a sideman in Miles Davis' groundbreaking electric bands of the late '60s, Corea co-founded the avant garde unit Circle before becoming a commercial force in his own right with the stormy '70s fusion group Return to Forever. He also distinguished himself in duo performances with pianist Herbie Hancock and vibraphonist Gary Burton; led his own Elektric Band and Akoustic Band; and ventured into contemporary classic music at the turn of the millennium. A prolific record-maker with nearly 90 albums as a leader or co-leader to his credit, Corea racked up a staggering 22 Grammy Awards (and a total of 63 nominations) and three Latin Grammys. He was named a National Endowment of the Arts Jazz Master in 2006. REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni
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Flamboyant Argentine ex-President Carlos Menem died February 14 at age 90. Menem led a tabloid personal life while he pushed Argentina to an economic boom, but his two-term 1989-1999 presidency crumbled under the weight of corruption scandals and he spent years plotting an unlikely comeback. With his black mane of hair and bushy gray sideburns, Menem at his peak entertained the Rolling Stones at his residence and put Argentina on the international stage, sending troops to the Gulf War and Bosnia. Menem won re-election after he privatized creaky state enterprises in a massive transformation of Argentine institutions in the early 1990s and the economy flourished. But he left office under a cloud -- charged with corruption and conducting illegal arms deals in 1991 and 1995 with Croatia and Ecuador. Ten years later, he was cleared of the arms smuggling charges, but Menem could never shake off the widely held suspicion that he had been involved in shady dealings even if he was never convicted. The lawyer son of Syrian immigrants in La Rioja province, Menem became active in the Peronist party in the 1950s and 1960s and visited party founder Juan Peron in exile in Spain in 1964.

REUTERS/Enrique Marcarian

Flamboyant Argentine ex-President Carlos Menem died February 14 at age 90. Menem led a tabloid personal life wmore

Flamboyant Argentine ex-President Carlos Menem died February 14 at age 90. Menem led a tabloid personal life while he pushed Argentina to an economic boom, but his two-term 1989-1999 presidency crumbled under the weight of corruption scandals and he spent years plotting an unlikely comeback. With his black mane of hair and bushy gray sideburns, Menem at his peak entertained the Rolling Stones at his residence and put Argentina on the international stage, sending troops to the Gulf War and Bosnia. Menem won re-election after he privatized creaky state enterprises in a massive transformation of Argentine institutions in the early 1990s and the economy flourished. But he left office under a cloud -- charged with corruption and conducting illegal arms deals in 1991 and 1995 with Croatia and Ecuador. Ten years later, he was cleared of the arms smuggling charges, but Menem could never shake off the widely held suspicion that he had been involved in shady dealings even if he was never convicted. The lawyer son of Syrian immigrants in La Rioja province, Menem became active in the Peronist party in the 1950s and 1960s and visited party founder Juan Peron in exile in Spain in 1964. REUTERS/Enrique Marcarian
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Hustler magazine publisher Larry Flynt Jr., the self-described "smut peddler" who used his pornography empire and flair for the outrageous to push the limits of free speech and good taste, died February 10 at the age of 78. Celebrated by some as a free-speech provocateur and reviled by others as a profiteer of sexual exploitation and misogyny, Flynt was renowned for taunting critics with such outlandish stunts as appearing in court wearing a diaper made from an American flag. In the most famous of numerous legal battles in which he was embroiled, the U.S. Supreme Court rendered a landmark ruling in favor of Flynt in a libel lawsuit brought against him by evangelist Jerry Falwell. Flynt had published a fake ad in Hustler which depicted Falwell saying his first sexual encounter had been with his mother in an outhouse. Falwell sued for $50 million and won a lower-court ruling, but in 1988 the Supreme Court held that the ad was a parody and protected by the First Amendment. In his heyday, Flynt lived a lifestyle that could have made Caligula blush. He wrote in his autobiography that his first sexual experience was with a chicken and told of having sex every four or five hours during a workday. A 1978 assassination attempt left him a paraplegic, but he had penile implant surgery so he could continue to have sex. Flynt created a business with an estimated turnover of $150 million at one point. As magazine circulation slipped, he stayed ahead of trends by investing in adult-oriented television channels, a casino, film distribution and merchandise. He said he never objected to being labeled a smut peddler as long as he was considered a First Amendment crusader, too. "Just because I publish pornography does not mean that I am not concerned about the social ills that all of us are," he once told an interviewer.

REUTERS/Gus Ruelas

Hustler magazine publisher Larry Flynt Jr., the self-described "smut peddler" who used his pornography empire more

Hustler magazine publisher Larry Flynt Jr., the self-described "smut peddler" who used his pornography empire and flair for the outrageous to push the limits of free speech and good taste, died February 10 at the age of 78. Celebrated by some as a free-speech provocateur and reviled by others as a profiteer of sexual exploitation and misogyny, Flynt was renowned for taunting critics with such outlandish stunts as appearing in court wearing a diaper made from an American flag. In the most famous of numerous legal battles in which he was embroiled, the U.S. Supreme Court rendered a landmark ruling in favor of Flynt in a libel lawsuit brought against him by evangelist Jerry Falwell. Flynt had published a fake ad in Hustler which depicted Falwell saying his first sexual encounter had been with his mother in an outhouse. Falwell sued for $50 million and won a lower-court ruling, but in 1988 the Supreme Court held that the ad was a parody and protected by the First Amendment. In his heyday, Flynt lived a lifestyle that could have made Caligula blush. He wrote in his autobiography that his first sexual experience was with a chicken and told of having sex every four or five hours during a workday. A 1978 assassination attempt left him a paraplegic, but he had penile implant surgery so he could continue to have sex. Flynt created a business with an estimated turnover of $150 million at one point. As magazine circulation slipped, he stayed ahead of trends by investing in adult-oriented television channels, a casino, film distribution and merchandise. He said he never objected to being labeled a smut peddler as long as he was considered a First Amendment crusader, too. "Just because I publish pornography does not mean that I am not concerned about the social ills that all of us are," he once told an interviewer. REUTERS/Gus Ruelas
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Mary Wilson, a founding member of The Supremes, died February 8 at the age of 76. Wilson, a singer as well as best-selling author, helped form female singing group The Primettes in Detroit in 1959, alongside Diana Ross, Florence Ballard and Betty McGlown. The latter left the group and was replaced. Wilson, Ross and Ballard went on to enjoy huge success as trio The Supremes. Under the Motown Records label, the group scored 12 no. 1 hits with songs like "Baby Love" and "Stop! In the Name of Love," and still remains influential decades later. Wilson stayed on with The Supremes even after other original members left and new ones joined the line-up. The group split in 1977 and she pursued a solo career. "The Supremes were always known as the 'sweethearts of Motown'," Motown founder Berry Gordy said in a statement. "I was always proud of Mary. She was quite a star in her own right and over the years continued to work hard to boost the legacy of the Supremes ... She was a trailblazer, a diva and will be deeply missed."

REUTERS/Fred Prouser

Mary Wilson, a founding member of The Supremes, died February 8 at the age of 76. Wilson, a singer as well as more

Mary Wilson, a founding member of The Supremes, died February 8 at the age of 76. Wilson, a singer as well as best-selling author, helped form female singing group The Primettes in Detroit in 1959, alongside Diana Ross, Florence Ballard and Betty McGlown. The latter left the group and was replaced. Wilson, Ross and Ballard went on to enjoy huge success as trio The Supremes. Under the Motown Records label, the group scored 12 no. 1 hits with songs like "Baby Love" and "Stop! In the Name of Love," and still remains influential decades later. Wilson stayed on with The Supremes even after other original members left and new ones joined the line-up. The group split in 1977 and she pursued a solo career. "The Supremes were always known as the 'sweethearts of Motown'," Motown founder Berry Gordy said in a statement. "I was always proud of Mary. She was quite a star in her own right and over the years continued to work hard to boost the legacy of the Supremes ... She was a trailblazer, a diva and will be deeply missed." REUTERS/Fred Prouser
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Christopher Plummer, a patrician Canadian who starred as widower Captain von Trapp opposite Julie Andrews in the blockbuster 1965 musical "The Sound Of Music" and in 2012 became the oldest actor to win an Oscar, died February 5 at 91. The accomplished Shakespearean actor, with a career that spanned more than six decades, flourished in a succession of meaty roles after age 70 - a time in life when most actors merely fade away. He claimed a long-awaited Academy Award at age 82 for his supporting performance in "Beginners" as an elderly man who comes out of the closet as gay after his wife's death. "You're only two years older than me, darling," Plummer, who was born in 1929, purred to his golden statuette - first given for films made in 1927 and 1928 - at the 2012 Oscars ceremony. "Where have you been all my life?" Plummer appeared in more than 100 films and also was nominated for an Oscar for his portrayal of Russian author Leo Tolstoy in 2009's "The Last Station." He won two Tony Awards for his Broadway work, two Emmy Awards for TV work and performed for some of the world's top theater companies. But for many fans his career was defined by his performance as an stern widower in "The Sound Of Music" - a role he called "a cardboard figure, humorless and one-dimensional." It took him four decades to change his view of the film and embrace it as a "terrific movie" that made him proud.

REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni

Christopher Plummer, a patrician Canadian who starred as widower Captain von Trapp opposite Julie Andrews in tmore

Christopher Plummer, a patrician Canadian who starred as widower Captain von Trapp opposite Julie Andrews in the blockbuster 1965 musical "The Sound Of Music" and in 2012 became the oldest actor to win an Oscar, died February 5 at 91. The accomplished Shakespearean actor, with a career that spanned more than six decades, flourished in a succession of meaty roles after age 70 - a time in life when most actors merely fade away. He claimed a long-awaited Academy Award at age 82 for his supporting performance in "Beginners" as an elderly man who comes out of the closet as gay after his wife's death. "You're only two years older than me, darling," Plummer, who was born in 1929, purred to his golden statuette - first given for films made in 1927 and 1928 - at the 2012 Oscars ceremony. "Where have you been all my life?" Plummer appeared in more than 100 films and also was nominated for an Oscar for his portrayal of Russian author Leo Tolstoy in 2009's "The Last Station." He won two Tony Awards for his Broadway work, two Emmy Awards for TV work and performed for some of the world's top theater companies. But for many fans his career was defined by his performance as an stern widower in "The Sound Of Music" - a role he called "a cardboard figure, humorless and one-dimensional." It took him four decades to change his view of the film and embrace it as a "terrific movie" that made him proud. REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni
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George Shultz, the U.S. secretary of state who survived bitter infighting in President Ronald Reagan's administration to help forge a new era in American-Soviet relations and bring on the end of the Cold War, died February 6 at age 100. Lawmakers praised Shultz for opposing as sheer folly the sale of arms to Iran that were the cornerstone of the Iran-Contra scandal that marred Reagan's second term in office. His efforts as America's top diplomat from 1982 to 1989 helped lead to the conclusion of the four-decade-long Cold War. Shultz steered to completion a historic treaty scrapping superpower medium-range nuclear missiles and set a pattern for dealings between Moscow and Washington that made human rights a routine agenda item. His record as secretary of state was tempered by his failure to bring peace to the Middle East and Central America, areas in which he personally invested considerable effort.

REUTERS/Gary Cameron

George Shultz, the U.S. secretary of state who survived bitter infighting in President Ronald Reagan's adminismore

George Shultz, the U.S. secretary of state who survived bitter infighting in President Ronald Reagan's administration to help forge a new era in American-Soviet relations and bring on the end of the Cold War, died February 6 at age 100. Lawmakers praised Shultz for opposing as sheer folly the sale of arms to Iran that were the cornerstone of the Iran-Contra scandal that marred Reagan's second term in office. His efforts as America's top diplomat from 1982 to 1989 helped lead to the conclusion of the four-decade-long Cold War. Shultz steered to completion a historic treaty scrapping superpower medium-range nuclear missiles and set a pattern for dealings between Moscow and Washington that made human rights a routine agenda item. His record as secretary of state was tempered by his failure to bring peace to the Middle East and Central America, areas in which he personally invested considerable effort. REUTERS/Gary Cameron
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Captain Tom Moore, the World War Two veteran who lifted Britain's spirits by raising millions for health workers battling the coronavirus, died on February 2 at the age of 100 after he contracted COVID-19. Moore served in India, Burma and Sumatra during World War Two. He had hoped to raise 1,000 pounds by walking 100 lengths around his garden with the help of a walker. Instead, he raised 38.9 million pounds ($53 million) for the National Health Service, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth, broke two Guinness World Records, scored a No. 1 single in the pop charts, wrote an autobiography and helped set up a charity. His endeavour and wit spread joy amid the grim news of the outbreak: "For all those people who are finding it difficult at the moment: the sun will shine on you again and the clouds will go away," said Moore, after completing his walk in April. 

REUTERS/Dylan Martinez

Captain Tom Moore, the World War Two veteran who lifted Britain's spirits by raising millions for health workemore

Captain Tom Moore, the World War Two veteran who lifted Britain's spirits by raising millions for health workers battling the coronavirus, died on February 2 at the age of 100 after he contracted COVID-19. Moore served in India, Burma and Sumatra during World War Two. He had hoped to raise 1,000 pounds by walking 100 lengths around his garden with the help of a walker. Instead, he raised 38.9 million pounds ($53 million) for the National Health Service, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth, broke two Guinness World Records, scored a No. 1 single in the pop charts, wrote an autobiography and helped set up a charity. His endeavour and wit spread joy amid the grim news of the outbreak: "For all those people who are finding it difficult at the moment: the sun will shine on you again and the clouds will go away," said Moore, after completing his walk in April. REUTERS/Dylan Martinez
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Hal Holbrook, an award-winning actor acclaimed for his one-man portrayal of American literary legend Mark Twain, died January 23 at the age of 95. In 2008, at age 82, Holbrook became the oldest male performer ever nominated for an Academy Award for his supporting role in "Into the Wild." But it was his recreation of the novelist in "Mark Twain Tonight" that brought Holbrook his greatest fame. It earned him a Tony Award for his Broadway performance in 1966 and the first of his 10 Emmy nominations in 1967. Holbrook was born in Cleveland in 1925, and his mother was a vaudeville dancer. After serving in the Army in Newfoundland during World War Two, Holbrook attended Denison University in Granville, Ohio, where his senior honors project was on Twain. He toured small towns as Twain, then took the show off-Broadway where it was a hit that launched his career. Holbrook made some 2,000 appearances as the writer. 

REUTERS/David McNew

Hal Holbrook, an award-winning actor acclaimed for his one-man portrayal of American literary legend Mark Twaimore

Hal Holbrook, an award-winning actor acclaimed for his one-man portrayal of American literary legend Mark Twain, died January 23 at the age of 95. In 2008, at age 82, Holbrook became the oldest male performer ever nominated for an Academy Award for his supporting role in "Into the Wild." But it was his recreation of the novelist in "Mark Twain Tonight" that brought Holbrook his greatest fame. It earned him a Tony Award for his Broadway performance in 1966 and the first of his 10 Emmy nominations in 1967. Holbrook was born in Cleveland in 1925, and his mother was a vaudeville dancer. After serving in the Army in Newfoundland during World War Two, Holbrook attended Denison University in Granville, Ohio, where his senior honors project was on Twain. He toured small towns as Twain, then took the show off-Broadway where it was a hit that launched his career. Holbrook made some 2,000 appearances as the writer. REUTERS/David McNew
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Actress Cicely Tyson, who specialized in portraying strong Black women caught up in life's struggles during a 60-year career that earned her three Emmys and a Tony Award, died January 28 at the age of 96. Tyson said she used her career to take on issues important to her, such as race and gender. "I realized very early on when I was asked certain questions or treated in a certain way that I needed to use my career to address those issues," she said in a People magazine interview in 2015. Tyson told CBS she saw the Hollywood hierarchy as a ladder with white men at the top, followed by white women and Black men. Black women were at the bottom. "And we're holding on to the last rung," she said. "And those fists are being trampled on by all those three above and still we hold on." Tyson's most-lauded performances came in historical works such as the 1972 movie "Sounder" in which she played a Louisiana sharecropper's wife. That film earned Tyson her only Academy Award nomination, but she received an honorary Oscar in 2018. Tyson was given the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Barack Obama in 2016. When she was presented with a Kennedy Center Honor in December 2005, filmmaker-writer Tyler Perry said: "She chose to empower us when we didn't even know it was possible to be empowered. Cicely refused to take a role that would not better humanity." REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni

Actress Cicely Tyson, who specialized in portraying strong Black women caught up in life's struggles during a more

Actress Cicely Tyson, who specialized in portraying strong Black women caught up in life's struggles during a 60-year career that earned her three Emmys and a Tony Award, died January 28 at the age of 96. Tyson said she used her career to take on issues important to her, such as race and gender. "I realized very early on when I was asked certain questions or treated in a certain way that I needed to use my career to address those issues," she said in a People magazine interview in 2015. Tyson told CBS she saw the Hollywood hierarchy as a ladder with white men at the top, followed by white women and Black men. Black women were at the bottom. "And we're holding on to the last rung," she said. "And those fists are being trampled on by all those three above and still we hold on." Tyson's most-lauded performances came in historical works such as the 1972 movie "Sounder" in which she played a Louisiana sharecropper's wife. That film earned Tyson her only Academy Award nomination, but she received an honorary Oscar in 2018. Tyson was given the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Barack Obama in 2016. When she was presented with a Kennedy Center Honor in December 2005, filmmaker-writer Tyler Perry said: "She chose to empower us when we didn't even know it was possible to be empowered. Cicely refused to take a role that would not better humanity." REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni
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Actress Cloris Leachman, who won eight Emmys for her work on "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" and other television programs as well as an Academy Award for "The Last Picture Show," died January 27 at the age of 94. "There was no one like Cloris. With a single look she had the ability to break your heart or make you laugh till the tears ran down your face. You never knew what Cloris was going to say or do and that unpredictable quality was part of her unparalleled magic," her manager Juliet Green said in a statement. Leachman, who appeared in three of Mel Brooks' comic movies, kept acting regularly well into her 90s. She was a contestant on "Dancing With the Stars" at age 82.

REUTERS/Danny Moloshok

Actress Cloris Leachman, who won eight Emmys for her work on "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" and other television more

Actress Cloris Leachman, who won eight Emmys for her work on "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" and other television programs as well as an Academy Award for "The Last Picture Show," died January 27 at the age of 94. "There was no one like Cloris. With a single look she had the ability to break your heart or make you laugh till the tears ran down your face. You never knew what Cloris was going to say or do and that unpredictable quality was part of her unparalleled magic," her manager Juliet Green said in a statement. Leachman, who appeared in three of Mel Brooks' comic movies, kept acting regularly well into her 90s. She was a contestant on "Dancing With the Stars" at age 82. REUTERS/Danny Moloshok
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Larry King, who quizzed thousands of world leaders, politicians and entertainers for CNN and other news outlets in a career spanning more than six decades, died January 23 at age 87. Millions watched King interview world leaders, entertainers and other celebrities on CNN's "Larry King Live," which ran from 1985 to 2010. Hunched over his desk in rolled-up shirt sleeves and owlish glasses, he made his show one of the network's prime attractions with a mix of interviews, political discussions, current event debates and phone calls from viewers. Even in his heyday, critics accused King of doing little pre-interview research and tossing softball questions to guests who were free to give unchallenged, self-promoting answers. He responded by conceding he did not do much research so that he could learn along with his viewers. Besides, King said, he never wanted to be perceived as a journalist. "My duty, as I see it, is I'm a conduit," King told the Hartford Courant in 2007. ""I ask the best questions I can. I listen to the answers. I try to follow up. And hopefully the audience makes a conclusion. I'm not there to make a conclusion. I'm not a soapbox talk-show host... So what I try to do is present someone in the best light."

REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni

Larry King, who quizzed thousands of world leaders, politicians and entertainers for CNN and other news outletmore

Larry King, who quizzed thousands of world leaders, politicians and entertainers for CNN and other news outlets in a career spanning more than six decades, died January 23 at age 87. Millions watched King interview world leaders, entertainers and other celebrities on CNN's "Larry King Live," which ran from 1985 to 2010. Hunched over his desk in rolled-up shirt sleeves and owlish glasses, he made his show one of the network's prime attractions with a mix of interviews, political discussions, current event debates and phone calls from viewers. Even in his heyday, critics accused King of doing little pre-interview research and tossing softball questions to guests who were free to give unchallenged, self-promoting answers. He responded by conceding he did not do much research so that he could learn along with his viewers. Besides, King said, he never wanted to be perceived as a journalist. "My duty, as I see it, is I'm a conduit," King told the Hartford Courant in 2007. ""I ask the best questions I can. I listen to the answers. I try to follow up. And hopefully the audience makes a conclusion. I'm not there to make a conclusion. I'm not a soapbox talk-show host... So what I try to do is present someone in the best light." REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni
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Baseball Hall of Famer Hank Aaron, the quiet, unassuming slugger who broke Babe Ruth's supposedly unbreakable record for most home runs in a career and battled racism in the process, died January 22 at the age of 86. Aaron joined the Atlanta Braves management to become one of the few African-Americans in a baseball executive position after retiring as a player in 1976 with 755 career home runs. His hitting prowess earned him the nickname "Hammerin' Hank," and his power was attributed to strong wrists. He was somewhat shy and unassuming, and played with a smooth, under-control style that made the game look so easy that some critics wondered if he was really giving his best. But Aaron was fueled by a desire as he overcame an impoverished youth and racial hatred to become one of the greatest and most consistent baseball stars of all time. Aaron broke Ruth's ultimate home run record on April 8, 1974, driving a fastball from the Los Angeles Dodgers' Al Downing over the left field fence for No. 715. In the run-up to breaking the record, millions of fans cheered Aaron. Others jeered and some went even further. Bodyguards were assigned after Aaron and his family became the targets of death threats and other harassment from racists who did not want a Black man to break such a sacrosanct record held by the charismatic Ruth. Jackie Robinson, who was Aaron's hero, had integrated the major leagues in 1947. Still, when Aaron arrived in 1954 the civil rights movement had yet to build momentum. Aaron sometimes found himself unable to stay in the same hotels or eat in the same restaurants as his white teammates, some of whom ostracized him.

Daniel Shirey-USA TODAY Sports

Baseball Hall of Famer Hank Aaron, the quiet, unassuming slugger who broke Babe Ruth's supposedly unbreakable more

Baseball Hall of Famer Hank Aaron, the quiet, unassuming slugger who broke Babe Ruth's supposedly unbreakable record for most home runs in a career and battled racism in the process, died January 22 at the age of 86. Aaron joined the Atlanta Braves management to become one of the few African-Americans in a baseball executive position after retiring as a player in 1976 with 755 career home runs. His hitting prowess earned him the nickname "Hammerin' Hank," and his power was attributed to strong wrists. He was somewhat shy and unassuming, and played with a smooth, under-control style that made the game look so easy that some critics wondered if he was really giving his best. But Aaron was fueled by a desire as he overcame an impoverished youth and racial hatred to become one of the greatest and most consistent baseball stars of all time. Aaron broke Ruth's ultimate home run record on April 8, 1974, driving a fastball from the Los Angeles Dodgers' Al Downing over the left field fence for No. 715. In the run-up to breaking the record, millions of fans cheered Aaron. Others jeered and some went even further. Bodyguards were assigned after Aaron and his family became the targets of death threats and other harassment from racists who did not want a Black man to break such a sacrosanct record held by the charismatic Ruth. Jackie Robinson, who was Aaron's hero, had integrated the major leagues in 1947. Still, when Aaron arrived in 1954 the civil rights movement had yet to build momentum. Aaron sometimes found himself unable to stay in the same hotels or eat in the same restaurants as his white teammates, some of whom ostracized him. Daniel Shirey-USA TODAY Sports
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Rock producer Phil Spector, who changed the sound of pop music in the 1960s with his "Wall of Sound" recordings and was convicted of murder for the 2003 murder of actress Lana Clarkson, died January 16 at age 81 of COVID-19, according to authorities. Spector produced 20 top 40 hits between 1961 and 1965 and went on to work with the Beatles on "Let It Be," as well as Leonard Cohen, the Righteous Brothers and Ike and Tina Turner. Clarkson, 40, was killed by a shot to the mouth, fired from Spector's gun in the foyer of his mock castle home outside Los Angeles on Feb. 3, 2003. The two met hours earlier at a Hollywood nightclub. Spector was convicted of second-degree murder in a second trial, after the first trial deadlocked in 2007. The case drew worldwide interest because Spector was widely known as a rock music pioneer.

REUTERS/Robyn Beck/Pool

Rock producer Phil Spector, who changed the sound of pop music in the 1960s with his "Wall of Sound" recordingmore

Rock producer Phil Spector, who changed the sound of pop music in the 1960s with his "Wall of Sound" recordings and was convicted of murder for the 2003 murder of actress Lana Clarkson, died January 16 at age 81 of COVID-19, according to authorities. Spector produced 20 top 40 hits between 1961 and 1965 and went on to work with the Beatles on "Let It Be," as well as Leonard Cohen, the Righteous Brothers and Ike and Tina Turner. Clarkson, 40, was killed by a shot to the mouth, fired from Spector's gun in the foyer of his mock castle home outside Los Angeles on Feb. 3, 2003. The two met hours earlier at a Hollywood nightclub. Spector was convicted of second-degree murder in a second trial, after the first trial deadlocked in 2007. The case drew worldwide interest because Spector was widely known as a rock music pioneer. REUTERS/Robyn Beck/Pool
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Siegfried Fischbacher, who worked with Roy Horn to create the famous animal training and magic duo of Siegfried & Roy, died January 13 at age 81. His death came eight months after Horn died due to COVID-19 in May 2020 at age 75. Siegfried & Roy were among Las Vegas' most famous performers, incorporating more than 55 white lions, white tigers, leopards, jaguars and an elephant in their astounding acts. They started performing in Las Vegas in 1967 at revues like Hallelujah Hollywood and Lido de Paris. The pair started performing at the Mirage hotel in 1989, selling out almost nightly in what was formerly the largest hotel in Las Vegas. Fischbacher and Horn first met on a cruise ship, where Horn was working as a steward and Fischbacher as an entertainer. Horn smuggled his pet cheetah aboard the ship and asked Fischbacher if he knew how to make one disappear. Fischbacher replied, "In magic, anything is possible," though they were then reportedly fired from the ship. Siegfried & Roy's big cat performances continued until a 2003 accident at the Mirage in which a white tiger attacked Horn during a show. Horn's spine was severed and he sustained severe injuries. He later said he thought the tiger was trying to save him after he suffered a stroke onstage, and he had to relearn how to talk and walk. Horn eventually recovered and the pair was able to continue traveling and appearing at events. They retired in 2010.

REUTERS/Las Vegas Sun/Steve Marcus

Siegfried Fischbacher, who worked with Roy Horn to create the famous animal training and magic duo of Siegfriemore

Siegfried Fischbacher, who worked with Roy Horn to create the famous animal training and magic duo of Siegfried & Roy, died January 13 at age 81. His death came eight months after Horn died due to COVID-19 in May 2020 at age 75. Siegfried & Roy were among Las Vegas' most famous performers, incorporating more than 55 white lions, white tigers, leopards, jaguars and an elephant in their astounding acts. They started performing in Las Vegas in 1967 at revues like Hallelujah Hollywood and Lido de Paris. The pair started performing at the Mirage hotel in 1989, selling out almost nightly in what was formerly the largest hotel in Las Vegas. Fischbacher and Horn first met on a cruise ship, where Horn was working as a steward and Fischbacher as an entertainer. Horn smuggled his pet cheetah aboard the ship and asked Fischbacher if he knew how to make one disappear. Fischbacher replied, "In magic, anything is possible," though they were then reportedly fired from the ship. Siegfried & Roy's big cat performances continued until a 2003 accident at the Mirage in which a white tiger attacked Horn during a show. Horn's spine was severed and he sustained severe injuries. He later said he thought the tiger was trying to save him after he suffered a stroke onstage, and he had to relearn how to talk and walk. Horn eventually recovered and the pair was able to continue traveling and appearing at events. They retired in 2010. REUTERS/Las Vegas Sun/Steve Marcus
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American casino mogul Sheldon Adelson, who built lavish gambling palaces that made him one of the world's richest men and became a potent supporter of U.S. President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, died January 11 at age 87. A combative self-made man reared in a poor Jewish immigrant family in Boston, Adelson established hotels and casinos in Las Vegas, Macau and Singapore. His wealth made him a formidable figure in U.S. politics, as he took advantage of loosened campaign-finance laws to steer more than half a billion dollars to Republicans and conservative causes, including Trump. Adelson also was a prominent supporter of Israel and Jewish causes. With a net worth of $33.4 billion as of this week, Adelson ranked as the world's 38th richest person on the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.

REUTERS/Bobby Yip

American casino mogul Sheldon Adelson, who built lavish gambling palaces that made him one of the world's richmore

American casino mogul Sheldon Adelson, who built lavish gambling palaces that made him one of the world's richest men and became a potent supporter of U.S. President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, died January 11 at age 87. A combative self-made man reared in a poor Jewish immigrant family in Boston, Adelson established hotels and casinos in Las Vegas, Macau and Singapore. His wealth made him a formidable figure in U.S. politics, as he took advantage of loosened campaign-finance laws to steer more than half a billion dollars to Republicans and conservative causes, including Trump. Adelson also was a prominent supporter of Israel and Jewish causes. With a net worth of $33.4 billion as of this week, Adelson ranked as the world's 38th richest person on the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. REUTERS/Bobby Yip
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British filmmaker Michael Apted, the man behind the "Up" documentaries that chronicled the lives of a group of British children for more than 50 years, died January 7 at the age of 79. Apted also directed Hollywood movies ranging from the 1999 James Bond blockbuster "The World is Not Enough" to the Loretta Lynn country singer biography "Coal Miner's Daughter" and dozens of TV shows, including episodes of British soap "Coronation Street" in the 1967. Apted's most notable project was the "Up" series. It began in 1964 as a television documentary about the hopes and dreams of 14 7 year-old children from diverse backgrounds who Apted revisited every seven years to see how their lives had changed. The series, which won multiple awards over the years, was inspired by the saying "Give me a child until he is 7 and I will show you the man." The most recent, "63 Up," was released in 2019.

REUTERS/Phil McCarten

British filmmaker Michael Apted, the man behind the "Up" documentaries that chronicled the lives of a group ofmore

British filmmaker Michael Apted, the man behind the "Up" documentaries that chronicled the lives of a group of British children for more than 50 years, died January 7 at the age of 79. Apted also directed Hollywood movies ranging from the 1999 James Bond blockbuster "The World is Not Enough" to the Loretta Lynn country singer biography "Coal Miner's Daughter" and dozens of TV shows, including episodes of British soap "Coronation Street" in the 1967. Apted's most notable project was the "Up" series. It began in 1964 as a television documentary about the hopes and dreams of 14 7 year-old children from diverse backgrounds who Apted revisited every seven years to see how their lives had changed. The series, which won multiple awards over the years, was inspired by the saying "Give me a child until he is 7 and I will show you the man." The most recent, "63 Up," was released in 2019. REUTERS/Phil McCarten
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Tommy Lasorda, the colorful and cantankerous longtime manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers who led the team to four National League pennants and two World Series championships in the 1970s and '80s, died January 7 at age 93. Lasorda, who spent more than 70 years in the Dodgers organization, was drafted as a pitcher in 1949 while the storied National League club was still based in New York City's Brooklyn borough. But Lasorda's tenure in the dugouts far outshone his playing career and he eventually became one of the team's most enduring and widely recognized figures through several management changes. Fans most remembered him for delivering big wins during his two decades as manager, starting nearly 20 years after then-owner Walter O'Malley moved the team to Los Angeles as part of Major League Baseball's expansion to the West Coast in '50s. Lasorda's longevity and wit put him in the pantheon of such legendary longtime baseball managers as Casey Stengel and Yogi Berra, whose verbal prowess made them media darlings. As manager, he compiled a 1,599-1,439 regular-season record, leading the Dodgers to World Series victories in 1981 and 1988. Sportswriters could count on Lasorda to pepper interviews with humorous quips. One of his best known was describing "three types of baseball players: those who make it happen, those who watch it happen and those who wonder what happened."

Mark J. Rebilas-USA TODAY Sports

Tommy Lasorda, the colorful and cantankerous longtime manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers who led the team to fmore

Tommy Lasorda, the colorful and cantankerous longtime manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers who led the team to four National League pennants and two World Series championships in the 1970s and '80s, died January 7 at age 93. Lasorda, who spent more than 70 years in the Dodgers organization, was drafted as a pitcher in 1949 while the storied National League club was still based in New York City's Brooklyn borough. But Lasorda's tenure in the dugouts far outshone his playing career and he eventually became one of the team's most enduring and widely recognized figures through several management changes. Fans most remembered him for delivering big wins during his two decades as manager, starting nearly 20 years after then-owner Walter O'Malley moved the team to Los Angeles as part of Major League Baseball's expansion to the West Coast in '50s. Lasorda's longevity and wit put him in the pantheon of such legendary longtime baseball managers as Casey Stengel and Yogi Berra, whose verbal prowess made them media darlings. As manager, he compiled a 1,599-1,439 regular-season record, leading the Dodgers to World Series victories in 1981 and 1988. Sportswriters could count on Lasorda to pepper interviews with humorous quips. One of his best known was describing "three types of baseball players: those who make it happen, those who watch it happen and those who wonder what happened." Mark J. Rebilas-USA TODAY Sports
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Families arrive at U.S.-Mexico border in search of asylum

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