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写真 | 2019年 06月 21日 04:25 JST

Where do the most refugees come from?

Last year, almost 70.8 million people around the world were forcibly displaced as a result of conflict, violence, persecution or human rights violations, according to the UNHCR, the highest level that the refugee agency has seen in almost 70 years. Almost 60% were internally displaced within the borders of their own country, while the global refugee population now stands at 25.9 million. Over two-thirds of the world's refugees come from just five countries: Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia. On World Refugee Day, a look at the top 10 countries where they come from:

Pictured: Rohingya refugee children pose for a picture at the Balukhali camp in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, November 15, 2018. REUTERS/Mohammad Ponir Hossain

Last year, almost 70.8 million people around the world were forcibly displaced as a result of conflict, violenmore

Last year, almost 70.8 million people around the world were forcibly displaced as a result of conflict, violence, persecution or human rights violations, according to the UNHCR, the highest level that the refugee agency has seen in almost 70 years. Almost 60% were internally displaced within the borders of their own country, while the global refugee population now stands at 25.9 million. Over two-thirds of the world's refugees come from just five countries: Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia. On World Refugee Day, a look at the top 10 countries where they come from: Pictured: Rohingya refugee children pose for a picture at the Balukhali camp in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, November 15, 2018. REUTERS/Mohammad Ponir Hossain
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10. Burundi: 439,300 in 2018, an increase from 387,900 in 2017.

Pictured: Refugees from Burundi who fled violence and political tension and aid workers sail on a boat to reach MV Liemba, a ship freighted by the United Nations at the Kagunga landing base on the shores of Lake Tanganyika near Kigoma in Tanzania, May 26, 2015. REUTERS/Sala Lewis/PLAN INTERNATIONAL/Handout via Reuters

10. Burundi: 439,300 in 2018, an increase from 387,900 in 2017. Pictured: Refugees from Burundi who fled violmore

10. Burundi: 439,300 in 2018, an increase from 387,900 in 2017. Pictured: Refugees from Burundi who fled violence and political tension and aid workers sail on a boat to reach MV Liemba, a ship freighted by the United Nations at the Kagunga landing base on the shores of Lake Tanganyika near Kigoma in Tanzania, May 26, 2015. REUTERS/Sala Lewis/PLAN INTERNATIONAL/Handout via Reuters
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9. Eritrea: 507,300 refugees, up from 486,200 a year earlier.

Pictured: Eritrean refugees watch a movie in a makeshift cinema hall in Mai-Aini refugee camp near the Eritrean boarder in the Tigrai region in Ethiopia, February 10, 2016. REUTERS/Tiksa Negeri

9. Eritrea: 507,300 refugees, up from 486,200 a year earlier. Pictured: Eritrean refugees watch a movie in a more

9. Eritrea: 507,300 refugees, up from 486,200 a year earlier. Pictured: Eritrean refugees watch a movie in a makeshift cinema hall in Mai-Aini refugee camp near the Eritrean boarder in the Tigrai region in Ethiopia, February 10, 2016. REUTERS/Tiksa Negeri
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8. Central African Republic: 545,500 compared to 590,900 during 2017.

Pictured: A man lies on a mattress at a shelter for displaced people in Bangui, Central African Republic, April 24, 2017. REUTERS/Baz Ratner

8. Central African Republic: 545,500 compared to 590,900 during 2017. Pictured: A man lies on a mattress at amore

8. Central African Republic: 545,500 compared to 590,900 during 2017. Pictured: A man lies on a mattress at a shelter for displaced people in Bangui, Central African Republic, April 24, 2017. REUTERS/Baz Ratner
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7. Democratic Republic of the Congo: 720,300 refugees, a slight increase from 2017.

Pictured: Congolese families, who fled ethnic fighting in Democratic Republic of Congo on a boat across Lake Albert, sit in a bus upon arrival at a UNHCR settlement camp in Kyangwali, Uganda March 19, 2018. REUTERS/James Akena

7. Democratic Republic of the Congo: 720,300 refugees, a slight increase from 2017. Pictured: Congolese familmore

7. Democratic Republic of the Congo: 720,300 refugees, a slight increase from 2017. Pictured: Congolese families, who fled ethnic fighting in Democratic Republic of Congo on a boat across Lake Albert, sit in a bus upon arrival at a UNHCR settlement camp in Kyangwali, Uganda March 19, 2018. REUTERS/James Akena
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6. Sudan: 724,800, up from 694,600 in 2017.

Pictured: A woman who told police that she and her family were from Sudan is taken into custody by Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers after arriving by taxi and walking across the U.S.-Canada border into Hemmingford, Quebec, Canada February 12, 2017. REUTERS/Christinne Muschi

6. Sudan: 724,800, up from 694,600 in 2017. Pictured: A woman who told police that she and her family were frmore

6. Sudan: 724,800, up from 694,600 in 2017. Pictured: A woman who told police that she and her family were from Sudan is taken into custody by Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers after arriving by taxi and walking across the U.S.-Canada border into Hemmingford, Quebec, Canada February 12, 2017. REUTERS/Christinne Muschi
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5. Somalia: 949,700, down from 986,400 a year earlier.

Pictured: Somali refugees waits to board a UN plane bound for Somalia, part of the UN's Voluntary Repatriation programme, in the Dadaab refugee camp, Kenya December 19, 2017. REUTERS/Baz Ratner

5. Somalia: 949,700, down from 986,400 a year earlier. Pictured: Somali refugees waits to board a UN plane bomore

5. Somalia: 949,700, down from 986,400 a year earlier. Pictured: Somali refugees waits to board a UN plane bound for Somalia, part of the UN's Voluntary Repatriation programme, in the Dadaab refugee camp, Kenya December 19, 2017. REUTERS/Baz Ratner
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4. Myanmar: 1.1 million, about the same as in 2017.

Pictured: A Rohingya refugee boy walks in the Balukhali camp in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, April 8, 2019. REUTERS/Mohammad Ponir Hossain

4. Myanmar: 1.1 million, about the same as in 2017. Pictured: A Rohingya refugee boy walks in the Balukhali cmore

4. Myanmar: 1.1 million, about the same as in 2017. Pictured: A Rohingya refugee boy walks in the Balukhali camp in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, April 8, 2019. REUTERS/Mohammad Ponir Hossain
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3. South Sudan: 2.3 million people, declined from 2.4 million in 2017.

Pictured: A South Sudanese refugee child yawns as he plays at the reception center within the Kakuma refugee camp in Turkana county, northwest of Nairobi, Kenya January 31, 2018. REUTERS/Stringer

3. South Sudan: 2.3 million people, declined from 2.4 million in 2017. Pictured: A South Sudanese refugee chimore

3. South Sudan: 2.3 million people, declined from 2.4 million in 2017. Pictured: A South Sudanese refugee child yawns as he plays at the reception center within the Kakuma refugee camp in Turkana county, northwest of Nairobi, Kenya January 31, 2018. REUTERS/Stringer
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2. Afghanistan: 2.7 million refugees, compared with 2.6 million a year earlier. The UNHCR notes the Afghan refugee population has been significant since the 1980s.

Pictured: An Afghan migrant and his baby are pictured in a camp for migrants in Grande-Synthe, France December 14, 2016. REUTERS/Pascal Rossignol

2. Afghanistan: 2.7 million refugees, compared with 2.6 million a year earlier. The UNHCR notes the Afghan refmore

2. Afghanistan: 2.7 million refugees, compared with 2.6 million a year earlier. The UNHCR notes the Afghan refugee population has been significant since the 1980s. Pictured: An Afghan migrant and his baby are pictured in a camp for migrants in Grande-Synthe, France December 14, 2016. REUTERS/Pascal Rossignol
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1. Syria: 6.7 million in 2018, an increase from 6.3 million in 2017. Syria has been the biggest country of origin for refugees every year since 2014, according to the UNHCR.

Pictured: A Syrian refugee girl who left Lebanon looks through a window as she arrives in Qalamoun, Syria June 28, 2018. REUTERS/Omar Sanadiki

1. Syria: 6.7 million in 2018, an increase from 6.3 million in 2017. Syria has been the biggest country of orimore

1. Syria: 6.7 million in 2018, an increase from 6.3 million in 2017. Syria has been the biggest country of origin for refugees every year since 2014, according to the UNHCR. Pictured: A Syrian refugee girl who left Lebanon looks through a window as she arrives in Qalamoun, Syria June 28, 2018. REUTERS/Omar Sanadiki
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